POWER DISTRIBUTION ON PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS
Bibliography

This web site is being maintained by John R. Barnes, who was the President and Chief Engineer of dBi Corporation from 2002 to September 30, 2013, when we closed because ObamaCrap made it too expensive for us to remain in business.

John R. Barnes KS4GL, PE, NCE, NCT, ESDC Eng, ESDC Tech, PSE, Master EMC Design Engineer, SM IEEE
April 19, 2017
jrbarnes@iglou.com

Renumbered references on June 18, 2009, because added over 600 documents since January (went from 1228 to 1848 items).

Renumbered references on May 28, 2011, because added over 725 documents in the last 2 years (went from 1848 to 2579 items).

Renumbered references on October 29, 2013, because added over 740 documents in the last 2-1/2 years (went from 2579 to 3321 items).

Renumbered references on September 6, 2015, because added over 1294 documents in the last 2 years (went from 3321 to 4615 items).

Renumbered references on December 19, 2016, because added over 701 documents in the last 15 months (went from 4615 to 5316 items).

We can ensure that our electronic circuits will operate consistently and reliably by:

A lack of Power Integrity can cause an electronic system to:

My first book, Electronics System Design: Interference and Noise Control Techniques (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1987) discusses Power Integrity under analog and digital circuit design in:

My second and third books, Robust Electronic Design Reference Book, Volumes I and II, were published by Kluwer Academic Publishers (now part of Springer) in Mar. 2004. They discuss Power Integrity in great detail in:

BOOKS:

[1] Applications Guide to EMI, RFI, ESD Solutions. AVX.

[2] Design Guidelines for Electronic Packaging Utilizing High-Speed Techniques, IPC-D-317A. IPC, Northbrook, IL, 1995.

[3] Handbook of EC EMC Compliance. Boxborough, MA: Compliance Design, 1993.

[4] Handbook of EU EMC Compliance. Boxborough, MA: Compliance Design, 1995.

[5] Handbook of EU EMC Compliance. Boxborough, MA: Compliance Design, 1996.

[6] Practical Design Techniques for Power and Thermal Management . Norwood, MA: Analog Devices, 1998.

[7] Signal Integrity Issues in PCB Design. Bellevue, WA: UltraCAD Design, 2002.

[8] The Best of Analog Dialogue 1967 to 1991. Analog Devices, 1991.

[9] Unitrode Power Supply Design Seminar SEM-1100. Merrimack, NH: Unitrode, 1996.

[10] Unitrode Power Supply Design Seminar SEM-1200. Merrimack, NH: Unitrode, 1997.

[11] Archambeault, Bruce R., PCB Design for Real-World EMI Control . Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2002.

[12] Bakoglu, H. B., Circuits, Interconnections, and Packaging for VLSI. New York: Addison-Wesley, 1990.

[13] Barnes, John R., Electronics System Design: Interference and Noise Control Techniques. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1987.

[14] Barnes, John R., Robust Electronic Design Reference Book, Volumes I and II. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2004.

[15] Blankenhorn, James C., PCB Design of High-Speed Digital Circuits . Scotts Valley, CA: SMT Plus, 2002.

[16] Blood, Jr., William R., MECL System Design Handbook, 4th Edition . Motorola Semiconductor Products, 1983.

[17] Bogatin, Eric, Signal Integrity - Simplified. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2004.

[18] Bogatin, Eric, Signal and Power Integrity - Simplified (2nd Edition). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall, 2010. ISBN 978-0-13-234979-6. $109.00 list price.

[19] Brooks, Douglas, Signal Integrity Issues and Printed Circuit Board Design. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 2003.

[20] Bruins, Paul F., Plastics for Electrical Insulation. New York: Interscience Publishers, 1968, SBN 470-113936.

[21] Buchanan, James E., BiCMOS/CMOS Systems Design. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991.

[22] Buchanan, James E., CMOS/TTL Digital Systems Design. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990.

[23] Buchanan, James E., Signal and Power Integrity in Digital Systems: TTL, CMOS, and BiCMOS. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996.

[24] Dally, William J., and Poulton, John W., Digital Systems Engineering, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1998.

[25] Deeley, Paul McKnight, Electrolytic Capacitors. Cornell-Dubilier Electric Corp, South Plainfield, NJ, 1938.

[26] Georgiev, Alexander M., The Electrolytic Capacitor. Murray Hill Books, New York, 1945.

[27] Ginsberg, Gerald L., A User's Guide to Selecting Electronic Components. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1981.

[28] Goedbloed, Jasper, Electromagnetic Compatibility. Prentice-Hall, New York, 1990.

[29] Gore, Gregory V., The Engineer's Master Guide to EMI Control . West Conshohocken, PA: R & B Enterprises, 1986.

[30] Graf, Rudolf F., Electronic Databook, 3rd Edition. Blue Ridge Summit: TAB Books, 1983.

[31] Hall, Stephen H., Hall, Garrett W., and McCall, James A., High-Speed Digital System Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000.

[32] Harper, Charles A., High Performance Printed Circuit Boards . New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.

[33] Hartal, Oren, Electromagnetic Compatibility by Design, 4th Edition. West Conshohocken, PA: R & B Enterprizes, 1996.

[34] Hartley, Rick, High Speed Design: A Practical Approach. IPC.

[35] Hayward, Wes, Campbell, Rick, and Larkin, Bob, Experimental Methods in RF Design. Newington, CT: ARRL, 2003.

[36] Johnson, Howard and Graham, Martin, High-Speed Digital Design. Prentice- Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1993.

[37] Keenan, R. Kenneth, Decoupling and Layout of Digital Printed Circuits. TKC, Pinellas Park, FL, 1985.

[38] Keenan, R. Kenneth, Digital Design for Interference Specifications. TKC, Pinellas Park, FL, 1983.

[39] Keenan, R. Kenneth, FCC/VDE Noise Specifications: Application of Ferrite Beads to Decoupling Printed-Circuit Boards from Backplanes. Pinellas Park, FL: The Keenan Corporation, 1984.

[40] Lenk, John D., Handbook of Simplified Solid-State Circuit Design . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1971.

[41] Lenk, John D., Manual for Integrated Circuit Users. Reston, VA: Reston Publishing, 1973.

[42] Lund, Preben, Generation of Precision Artwork for Printed Circuit Boards. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1978.

[43] Lund, Preben, Printed Circuit Board Precision Artwork Generation and Manufacturing Methods. Westlake Village, CA: Bishop Graphics, 1986.

[44] Mancini, Ron, Op Amps for Everyone, 2nd Edition. New York: Newnes, 2003.

[45] Marcoux, Phil P., Surface Mount Technology: Design for Manufacturability. Dearborn, MI: SME, 1989.

[46] Mardiguian, Michel, Controlling Radiated Emissions by Design 2nd ed., Kluwer, Boston, 2001.

[47] Mardiguian, Michel, Cookbook of EMI Fixes. Gainesville, VA: ICT, 1989.

[48] Mardiguian, Michel, Electromagnetic Control in Components and Devices. Gainesville, VA: Interference Control Technologies, 1988.

[49] Mardiguian, Michel, Interference Control in Computers and Microprocessor- Based Equipment. Don White Consultants, Gainesville, VA, 1984.

[50] Markus, John, Television and Radio Repairing. New York: McGraw-Hill book, 1953.

[51] Mezhiba, Andrey V., and Friedman, Eby G., Power Distribution Networks in High Speed Integrated Circuits. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004. ISBN: 1-4020-7534-0. $179.00 list price.

[52] Mills, Jeffrey P., Electromagnetic Interference Reduction in Electronic Systems. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PTR Prentice Hall, 1993.

[53] Montrose, Mark I., EMC and the Printed Circuit Board. IEEE Press, New York, 1999.

[54] Montrose, Mark I., Printed Circuit Board Design Techniques for EMC Compliance. IEEE Press, New York, 1996.

[55] Morris, Robert L., and Miller, John R., Designing with TTL Integrated Circuits. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.

[56] Morrison, Ralph, Solving Interference Problems in Electronics . New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995.

[57] Norris, Bryan, Digital Integrated Circuits and Operational-Amplifier and Optoelectronic Circuit Design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.

[58] Novak, Istvan, and Miller, Jason R., Frequency-Domain Characterization of Power Distribution Networks. Boston, MA: Artech House, 2007.

[59] Novak, Istvan, Power Distribution Network Design Methodologies . Chicago, IL: International Engineering Consortium, 2008.

[60] O'Hara, Martin, EMC at Component and PCB Level. Boston, MA: Newnes, 1998.

[61] Ott, Henry W., Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, 2nd Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1988.

[62] Ott, Henry W., Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1976.

[63] Paul, Clayton R., Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility , John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1992.

[64] Poon, Ron K., Computer Circuits Electrical Design, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1995.

[65] Ritchey, Lee W., Right the First Time: A Practical Hand Book on High Speed PCB and System Design, Volume 1. Speeding Edge, 2003.

[66] Ritchey, Lee W., Right the First Time: A Practical Handbook on High Speed PCB and System Design, Volume 2. Speeding Edge, 2006.

[67] Ritenour, Bill, and White, Donald, EMI Control in Computers & Microprocessor-Based Equipment. NTU: 1992.

[68] Scarlett, J. A., Transistor-Transistor Logic and Its Interconnections. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972.

[69] Sheingold, Daniel H., Transducer Interfacing Handbook: A Guide to Analog Signal Conditioning. Norwood, MA: Analog Devices, 1981.

[70] Shoji, Masakazu, High-Speed Digital Circuits. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1996.

[71] Smith, Douglas C., High Frequency Measurements and Noise in Electronic Circuits. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1993.

[72] Stout, David F., and Kaufman, Milton, Handbook of Operational Amplifier Circuit Design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.

[73] Tummala, Rao R., Fundamentals of Microsystems Packaging. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

[74] Ulrich, Richard K., and Schaper, Leonard W., Integrated Passive Component Technology. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2003.

[75] Violette, J. L. Norman, White, Donald R. J., and Violette, Michael F., Electromagnetic Compatibility Handbook. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987.

[76] Violette, J. L. Norman, Noise Control & Design Considerations in High Performance Electronic Circuits & Systems. Falls Church, VA: Violette Engineering, 1993.

[77] White, Donald R. J., EMI Control in the Design of Printed Circuit Boards and Backplanes. Gainesville, VA: Don White Consultants, 1981.

[78] Williams, K. Barry A., Designing Power Distribution Systems for Electronic Circuits. Duxbury, MA: Aikman Engineering, 2005. ISBN 0-9760391-0-9.

[79] Williams, Tim, EMC for Product Designers 2nd ed., Newnes, Woburn, MA, 1996.

[80] Young, Brian, Digital Signal Integrity, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2001.

THESES:

[81] Arani, Amirali Shayan, System Level Design of Power Distribution Network for Mobile Computing Platforms. Ph. D. Thesis for University of California, San Diego, CA, 2011.

[82] Chen, Ruiming, Analysis of Modern Power Distribution Networks. Master's Thesis for McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 30, 2009.

[83] Choi, Myoung Joon, Efficient Broadband Electromagnetic Modeling of the Power Distribution Network in High-Speed, Mixed-Signal Integrated Circuits. Ph. D. Thesis for University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, IL, 2004.

[84] Mandrekar, Rohan, Modeling and Co-simulation of Signal Distribution and Power Delivery in Packaged Digital Systems. Ph. D. Thesis for Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, May 2006.

[85] Muthana, Prathap K., Design of High Speed Packages and Boards Using Embedded Decoupling Capacitors, Ph. D. Thesis for Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 2007.

[86] Na, Nanju, Modeling and Simulation of Planes in Electronic Packages. Ph. D. Thesis for Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, Jan. 2001.

[87] Selli, Giuseppe, BGA Footprints Modeling and Physics Based Via Models Validation for Power and signal Integrity Applications. Ph. D. Thesis for University of Missouri - Rolla, Rolla, MS, 2007.

[88] Stein, David M., Structure and Properties of Bi-containing Mixed A-site Perovskites. Ph. D. Thesis for University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2011.

[89] Wang, Wei, Parameter Extraction for Electronic Packaging and Decoupling Methodology for Power Delivery Systems. Ph. D. Thesis for University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, Sept. 2003.

PAPERS, APPLICATION NOTES, MAGAZINE ARTICLES, REPORTS, AND WEB PAGES:

First author's last name beginning with: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

????

[90] "(2) Circuits - Only (1) X2Y."

[91] "74C Family Characteristics," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 90, Aug. 1973.

[92] "8 Hints for Successful Impedance Measurements," Hewlett-Packard Application Note 346-4.

[93] "8088 8-bit HMOS Microprocessor 8088/8088-2," Intel, Aug. 1990.

[94] "A High Frequency Broadband Filter," Microwave Journal, Sept. 15, 2003.

[95] "A Review of the Literature."

[96] "A call to action: Establishing performance metrics for supercapacitors," American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 91 no. 1, pp. 14, Jan./Feb. 2012.

[97] "Above Board," UltraCAD.

[98] "AC Capacitor Application Guide." Cornell Dubilier.

[99] "Advances in Surface Mount Filtering Technology," Syfer.

[100] "Airbrush-Fabricated Carbon Nanotube Supercapacitor Electrodes," Defense Tech Briefs, vol. 5 no. 1, pp. 13-14, Feb. 2011.

[101] "Alternative X2Y Component Attachment for Power Filtering," X2Y, Dec. 23, 2003.

[102] "Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Application Guide." Cornell Dubilier.

[103] "AMD-K6(R) Processor EMI Design Considerations," AMD Application Note 22023, Mar. 1999.

[104] "AMD-K6(R) Processor Power Supply Design," AMD Application Note 21103, Feb. 1999.

[105] "Application Guide Radial-Leaded Dipped Mica Capacitors." Cornell Dubilier.

[106] "Application Guide, Solid Polymer Aluminum SMT Capacitors." Cornell Dubilier.

[107] "Application Suggestions for X2Y Technology," X2Y.

[108] "AVX Dielectric Comparison Chart," AVX.

[109] "AVX Terminology Pocket Guide," AVX.

[110] "AVX's OxiCap(TM) Niobium Oxide Capacitors Deliver Cost Effective, Lead-Free Non-Burning High Capacitance Performance," AVX.

[111] "Best Board Design Practices for the Power Distribution Network (PDN)," Altera, 2006.

[112] "BME Technology Advancements Allows KEMET to Enter the High Cap Ceramic Arena," Arrow Asian Times, Dec. 2001.

[113] "Buried Capacitance," Merix.

[114] "Buried Capacitance Design Guide," Zycon, 1995.

[115] "Buried Capacitance(TM) A Simple Solution," Zycon.

[116] "Bypass Capacitor Selection for High-Speed Designs," Micron Technical Note TN-00-06, Sept. 1999.

[117] "Capacitance Without Capacitors," Hadco, Nov. 23, 1998.

[118] "Capacitor ESR Measurement Techniques," American Technical Ceramics.

[119] "Careful Design Helps Exorcise Noise Demons From PC Audio," Aug. 21, 2000.

[120] "Cell Balancing & Supercapacitors," Kemet, 2013.

[121] "Ceramic Capacitors," Murata.

[122] "Circuit designing cautions (OS-CON)," Sanyo.

[123] "CMOS Power Consumption and Cpd Calculation," Texas Instruments Application Note SCAA035B, June 1997.

[124] "CMOS, the Ideal Logic Family," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 77, Jan. 1983.

[125] "Comparative Device-Only Measurements of X2Y, Arrays and Ordinary Capacitors," X2Y, Feb. 24, 2006.

[126] "Comparison Testing, A Single X2Y Components vs. Three Standard Bulk Capacitors (1) X and (2) Y's, Line to Line testing, Both DUT's Referenced to ground," X2Y.

[127] "Comparison Testing, A Single X2Y Component vs. Three Standard Capacitors (1) X and (2) Y's, Line to Ground and Line to Line Testing," X2Y.

[128] "Construction and Characteristics of OS-CON," Sanyo.

[129] "Crucial Precautions (OS-CON)," Sanyo.

[130] "Curved graphene sheets: Source of ultrahigh energy density supercapacitor?," American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 90 no. 2, pp. 19, Mar. 2011.

[131] "DC-to-DC Converters using X2Y Technology," X2Y, Dec. 3, 2003.

[132] "DC-To-DC Converters using X2Y Technology," X2Y Note# 2009, V3.0, Apr. 28, 2005.

[133] "Decoupling Multiple Power Planes," X2Y, Dec. 23, 2003.

[134] DESIGNERCOUNCIL archives. [135] "Design Considerations," Fairchild Semiconductor, Nov. 1999.

[136] "Design Considerations for Class-D Audio Power Amplifiers," Texas Instruments Application Report SLOA031, Aug. 1999.

[137] "Design Engineers Battle The Dark Side Of Electromagnetism," Dec. 18, 2000.

[138] "Design for EMI," Intel Application Note AP-589, Feb. 1999.

[139] "Designing Fast Response Synchronous Buck Regulators Using the TPS5210," Texas Instruments Application Report SLVA044, Mar. 1999.

[140] "Designing for EMI Compliance - Part 1 Design of the PC Board," 1985-86 Compliance Engineering, 1985, pp. 87-88, 97-110.

[141] "Designing RC Snubber Networks." Cornell Dubilier.

[142] "Designing the Input Filter for a Pentium II Processor Converter," Fairchild Application Bulletin AB-16.

[143] "Designing with TTL," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 363, June 1984.

[144] "Details of Output Capacitor Selection for Pentium II Process Converters using the RC5051," Fairchild Application Bulletin AB-14.

[145] "Development of Fused Surface Mount Tantalum Capacitors," Kemet TechTopics, vol. 1 no. 3, pp. 1-2, June 1991.

[146] "Diesel Engine/Locomotive Cranking & Supercapacitors," Kemet, 2013.

[147] "Do passive components degrade audio quality in your portable device?," Maxim Engineering Journal, vol. 48, pp. 16-19.

[148] "Does fast firing of multilayer ceramic capacitors help or hinder?," American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 90 no. 9, pp. 19, Dec. 2011.

[149] "EEE Parts Derating," NASA Practice no. PD-ED-1201.

[150] "Electrochemical Ultracapacitors Using Graphite Nanostacks," NASA Tech Briefs, vol. 36 no. 5, pp. 60, May 2012.

[151] "Electrode Materials for Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors," Kemet TechTopics, vol. 2 no. 6, pp. 1-2, July 1992.

[152] "Electromagnetic Analysis of Decoupling Capacitor Mounting Structures with Sembeor," Simbeor Applications Note #2008_01, Mar. 2008.

[153] "ELNA Chip Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors Technical Data,"

[154] "Embedded IntelDX2(TM) Processor," Intel, Dec. 1997,

[155] "EMC Improvement Guidelines," Atmel Application Note, Rev. 4279B-8051-08/03, Aug. 2003.

[156] "ESR Loss Factors," American Technical Ceramics.

[157] "Fail-Open Solid Tantalum Capacitors," Kemet TechTopics, vol. 1 no. 2, pp. 1-2, Apr. 1991.

[158] "FAST(R)/FASTr(TM) Design Considerations," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 661, Mar. 1990.

[159] "Film Capacitors Precautions and Guidelines," Nippon Chemi-con.

[160] "Flexible Motherboard Power Distribution and Control for the Pentium(R) III Xeon Processor," Intel Application Note AP-933, Jan. 2000.

[161] "Follow PC-Board Design Guidelines for Lowest CMOS EMI Radiation," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 389, Jan. 1985.

[162] "Forklifts & Supercapacitors," Kemet, 2013.

[163] "Frequency Characteristics of OS-CON," Sanyo.

[164] "General Routing Techniques with Emphasis on PI6C10X Clocks," Pericom Application Note 8.

[165] "General Testing Rules for X2Y Units."

[166] "Generating PSpice models for X2Y capacitors from S-parameters," Phycomp Application Note, Jan. 2003.

[167] "Get the Most from X2Y Capacitors with Proper Attachment Techniques," X2Y Application Note 3008, V1, 2/23/06.

[168] "Guidelines for Printed Circuit Board Design," United Chemi-con.

[169] "HC-MOS Power Dissipation," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 303.

[170] "High-Speed Board Design Advisor: Power Distribution Network," Altera Tecnical Brief TB-092-1.0, Ver. 1.0, Nov. 2007.

[171] "High-Speed-CMOS designs address noise and I/O levels," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 375, Oct, 1984.

[172] "High Speed Decoupling Strategy," Hadco, June 23, 1998.

[173] "IBM PowerPC 440GP Embedded Processor PowerPC 440GP System Design Considerations," IBM Application Note.

[174] "IC Decoupling and EMI Suppression using X2Y Technology," X2Y, Dec. 12, 2003.

[175] "Implementation Guidelines for 3.3V Pentium(R) Processors with VRE Specifications for Desktop and Server Designs," Intel Application Note AP-522, June 1997.

[176] "Implementing the RC5040 and RC5042 DC-DC Converters on Pentium(R) Pro Motherboards," Fairchild Application Note 42.

[177] "Implementing the RC5050 and RC5051 DC-DC Converters on Pentium(R) Pro Motherboards," Fairchild Application Note 50.

[178] "Intel386(TM) DX Microprocessor 32-bit CHMOS Microprocessor with Integrated Memory Management," Intel, Dec. 1995.

[179] "Intel486(TM) Processor Family Decoupling Recommendations," Intel.

[180] "Internal Model of X2Y," X2Y, Sept. 2, 2003.

[181] "KEMET Hand Soldering Procedures," Kemet, July 2008.

[182] "Layout and Termination Techniques for Cypress Clock Generators," Cypress.

[183] "Layout Guidelines for the TPA300x Series Parts," Texas Instruments Application Report SLOA103, July 2003.

[184] "LED Lighting and Supercapacitors," Kemet, 2013.

[185] "Less Noise in High Frequency Circuits."

[186] "Line Driving and System Design," National Semiconductor Application Note 991.

[187] "Logic-System Design Techniques Reduce Switching-CMOS Power," Fairchild Semiconductor Application Note 376, Oct. 1984.

[188] "Low Inductance Chip Capacitors," AVX.

[189] "Low Inductance Chip Capacitors," AVX.

[190] "Low Inductance Chip Capacitors," AVX.

[191] "M80C286 High Performance CHMOS Microprocessor with Memory Management and Protection," Intel, Feb. 1990.

[192] "Maintaining Clean Power," UltraCad.

[193] "Measurement and Comparative S21 Performance of Raw and Mounted Decoupling Capacitors," X2Y Note# 3006, V2, Apr. 24, 2007.

[194] "Metal Disk Test Module for X2Y Capacitor Units."

[195] "Micro-supercapacitor has remarkable properties," Advanced Materials & Processes, vol. 168 no. 10, pp. 19, Oct. 2010.

[196] "Microwave Datamate," IFR.

[197] "Mobile AMD-K6(R) Processor Power Supply Design," AMD Application Note 22495, May 1999.

[198] "Mounting precautions (OS-CON)," Sanyo.

[199] "Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors Precautions and Guidelines," Nippon Chemi-con.

[200] "Multilayer Ceramic EMI Filters," Syfer.

[201] "Nanoporous molybdenum nitride supercapacitor electrodes," American Ceramic Society Bulletin, vol. 92 no. 3, pp. 17, Apr. 2013.

[202] "New and Lower ESR Capabilities in Polymer Products," Arrow Asian Times, July 2003.

[203] "New! X2Y Dual Line Chip."

[204] "News: CMC Replacements for Tantalum Capacitors."

[205] "Novacap Technical Brochure."

[206] "Novel Method toward Designing Supercapacitor Electrodes," Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 31 no. 4, pp. 4, April 15, 2010.

[207] "Omni Review," Omni Graphics, 2000.

[208] "Optimize Power Distribution Analysis In High-Speed System Designs," Nov. 20, 2000.

[209] "Oscilloscope Probing of PC133/Rambus Circuits," Pericom Application Note 21.

[210] "Panasonic Specialty Polymer Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors (SP CAP)."

[211] "PCB Design for TDR Testing."

[212] "PCB Design Guidelines for Reduced EMI," Texas Instruments SZZA009, Nov. 1999.

[213] "Pentium(R) II Processor at 350MHz, 400MHz, and 450MHz," Intel, Aug. 1998.

[214] "Pentium(R) III Processor for the PGA370 Socket at 500MHz to 866MHz," Intel, Mar. 2000.

[215] "Pentium(R) III Processor Power Distribution Guidelines," Intel Application Note, Apr. 1999.

[216] "Pentium(R) III Xeon(TM) Processor Power Distribution Guidelines," Intel Application Note AP-912, Mar. 1999.

[217] "Pentium(R) Pro Family Developer's Manual, Volume 1: Specifications," Intel, 1996.

[218] "Pentium(R) Pro Processor Power Distribution Guidelines," Intel Application Note AP-523, Nov. 1995.

[219] "Pentium Processor," Intel, June 1997.

[220] "Pentium Processor Flexible Motherboard Design Guidelines," Intel Application Note AP-579, June 1997.

[221] "Pentium Processor with MMX(TM) Technology," Intel, June 1997.

[222] "Pentium(R) Processor With Voltage Reduction Technology: Power Supply Design Considerations for Mobile Systems," Intel Application Note AP-519, June 1997.

[223] "Perfect Timing A Design Guide for Clock Generation and Distribution," Cypress Semiconductor, 2002.

[224] "Piezoelectric Effect in Ceramic Capacitors," American Technical Ceramics.

[225] "Planning for High Speed XC9500XL Designs," Xilinx Application Note XAPP115, Sept. 28, 1998.

[226] "Planning for High Speed XC9500XV Designs," Xilinx Application Note XAPP361, Aug. 8, 2001.

[227] "Power Dissipation in High-Performance ASICs."

[228] "Power Film Capacitor Application Guide." Cornell Dubilier.

[229] "Power Integrity and Ground Bounce Simulation of High Speed PCBs," Ansoft Presentation #11.

[230] "Power Intel's Pentium II Microprocessor using the SC1151CS and the MP60F VRM," Semtech Application Note AN97-1, Mar. 11, 1998.

[231] "Power Supplies for Pentium(TM), PowerPC(TM), and Beyond," Maxim, 2000.

[232] "PowerPC 405GP System Design Considerations," IBM PowerPC Application Note, Feb. 21, 2001.

[233] "PowerPC 750 Design Guidelines," IBM PowerPC Applications Note.

[234] "PowerPC Embedded Processors PowerPC 740/750: Power Notes," IBM Application Note.

[235] "PowerPC Embedded Processors PowerPC 750CXe Family: Power Notes," IBM Application Note.

[236] "Powering Portable CPU Cores," Maxim, 2000.

[237] "Precautions and Guidelines," Nippon Chemi-con.

[238] "Precautions and guidelines for users (OS-CON)," Nippon Chemi-con.

[239] "Precautions and guidelines for users (Tantalum)," Nippon Chemi-con.

[240] "Precautions and Guidelines to Users for Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors -Index-," Chemi-con.

[241] "Precautions and Guidelines to Users for Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors," Nippon Chemi-con.

[242] "Precautions and Guidelines to Users for Tantalum Electroytic Capacitors," Nippon Chemi-con.

[243] "Precautions in Using Tantalum Capacitors."

[244] "Precautions when using OS-CONs in circuits," Sanyo.

[245] "Preferred Laminates and Prepreg - Materials Properties Comparison," Merix.

[246] "Printed-Circuit-Board Layout for Improved Electromagnetic Compatibility," Texas Instruments SDYA011, Oct. 1996.

[247] "Processor Hall of Fame."

[248] "Protection, Decoupling, and Filtering of Cypress CMOS Circuits," Cypress.

[249] "Reliability Issues."

[250] "Replacing Feedthrough Capacitors with X2Y Technology," X2Y, Jan. 5, 2004.

[251] "RF Filtering for Audio Amplifier Circuits," X2Y, May 9. 2003.

[252] "Sanyo Frequency Characteristics of OS-CON."

[253] "Sanyo OS-CON ESR Matrix Table."

[254] "SC1154 Hysteretic Controller," Semtech Application Note AN99-6, Mar. 1, 2000.

[255] "Selecting RF Chip Capacitors for Wireless Applications," American Technical Ceramics.

[256] "Shunt Measurement, (1) X2Y vs. (2) Standard Capacitors," X2Y.

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[844] Chan, Y. C., Wang, Y., Gui, Z. L., and Li, L. T., "Thermal Effects on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of Relaxor Ferroelectric Ceramic-Based MLCs," Proceedings of 1995 Japan International Electronic Manufacturing Technology Symposium, Omiya, Japan, Dec. 4-6, 1995, pp. 328-333.

[845] Chandrasekaran, R., Soneda, Y., Yamashita, J., Kodama, M., and Hatori, H., "Preparation and electrochemical performance of activated carbon thin films with polyethylene oxide-salt addition for electrochemical capacitor applications," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 12 no. 10, pp. 1349-1355, Oct. 2008.

[846] Chandy, Ajith, and Chen, Tom, "Performance Driven Decoupling Capacitor Allocation Considering Data and Clock Interactions," Proceedings of the Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, Volume 2, Messe Munich, Germany, Mar. 7-11, 2005, pp. 984-985.

[847] Chang, Che-Yuan, Wang, Ru-Li, and Huang, Chi-Yuen, "Effects of Ba/Ti ratio on tetragonality, Curie temperature, and dielectric properties of solid-state-reacted BaTiO3 powder," Journal of Materials Research, vol. 27 no. 23, pp. 2937-2942, Dec. 14, 2012.

[848] Chang, Hung-Ming, Wu, Meng-Lun, Chen, Lih-Shan, Huang, Yu-Jung, Fu, Shen-Li, "Study of High Dielectric Constant Capacitors on Flexible Substrates," 2010 5th International Microsystems Packaging Assembly and Circuits Technology Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 20-22, 2010, pp. xx-xx.

[849] Chang, Jin Hyun, Dawson, Francis P., and Lian, Keryn K., "A First Principles Approach to Develop a Dynamic Model of Electrochemical Capacitors," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26 no. 12, pp. 3472-3480, Dec. 2011.

[850] Chang, Jinho, Park, Mira, Ham, Dukho, Ogale, S. B., Mane, Rajaram S., and Han, Sung-Hwan, "Liquid-phase synthesized mesoporous electrochemical supercapacitors of nickel hydroxide," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53 no. 15, pp. 5016-5021, June 1, 2008.

[851] Chang, Jiuli, Gao, Zhiyong, Wang, Xiaorui, Wu, Dapeng, Xu, Fang, Wang, Xin, Guo, Yuming, and Jiang, Kai, "Activated porous carbon prepared from paulownia flower for high performance supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 157, pp. 290-298, Mar. 1, 2015.

[852] Chang, Jiuli, Gao, Zhiyong, Liu, Xiao, Wu, Dapeng, Xu, Fang, Guo, Yawen, Guo, Yuming, and Jiang, Kai, "Hierarchically porous carbons with graphene incorporation for efficient supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 213, pp. 382-392, Sept. 20, 2016.

[853] Chang, Jiuli, Gao, Zhiyong, Zhao, Wenqi, Guo, Liyan, Chu, Meng'en, Tang, Yadong, Wu, Dapeng, Xu, Fang, and Jiang, Kai, "Nitrogen Doped Microporous Carbons with Tunable and Selective performances in Supercapacitor and Heterogeneous Catalysis," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 190, pp. 912-922, Feb. 1, 2016.

[854] Chang, Ka Fai, Cubillo, Joseph Romen, Weerasekera, Roshan, Jin, Cheng, Zheng, Boyu, and Bhattacharya, Suryanarayana Shivakumar, "Analysis of Signal and Power/Ground Pin Assignment in Multi-layer PCB and its Impact on Signal Integrity and Crosstalk," 2013 IEEE 15th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, Singapore, Dec. 11-13, 2013, pp. 789-792.

[855] Chang, Kuo-Hsin, and Hu, Chi-Chang, "Hydrothermal synthesis of binary Ru-Ti oxides with excellent performances for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52 no. 4, pp. 1749-1757, Dec. 1, 2006.

[856] Chang, Narhyuck, "High-Speed Board Design Techniques," Mar. 5, 1999.

[857] Chang, Sook-Keng, Lee, Kuang-Tsin, Zainal, Zulkarnain, Tan, Kar-Ban, Yusof, Nor Azah, Yusoff, Wan Mohamad Daud Wan, Lee, Jyh-Fu, and Wu, Nae-Lih, "Structural and electrochemical properties of manganese substituted nickel cobaltite for supercapacitor application," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 67, pp. 67-72, Apr. 15, 2012.

[858] Chang, Tsun-Hiu, "Minimizing Switching Noise in a Power Distribution Network Using External Coupled Resistive Termination," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 28 no. 4, pp. 754-760, Nov. 2005.

[859] Chang, Tzu-Yen, Wang, Xu, Evans, David A., Roberson, S. L., and Zheng, Jim P., "Characterization of Tantalum Oxide-Ruthenium Oxide Hybrid Capacitors," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 51 no. 6, pp. 1313-1317, Dec. 2004.

[860] Chang, Wei-Min, Wang, Cheng-Chien, and Chen, Chuh-Yung, "Plasma-Induced Polyaniline Grafted on Carbon Nanotube-embedded Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 212, pp. 130-140, Sept. 10, 2016.

[861] Chang, Wei-Min, Wang, Cheng-Chien, and Chen, Chuh-Yung, "Plasma Treatment of Carbon Nanotubes Applied to Improve the High Performance of Carbon Nanofiber Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 186, pp. 530-541, Dec. 20, 2015.

[861d] Chang, Yahui, Han, Gaoyi, Chang, Yunzhen, Xiao, Yaoming, Hou, Wenjing, and Zhou, Wen, "Flexible and compressible electrochemical capacitors based on polypyrrole/carbon fibers integrated into sponge," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 708, pp. 1206-1215, June 25, 2017.

[861h] Chang, Yuan, Sui, Yanwei, Qi, Jiqiu, Jiang, Liyang, He, Yezeng, Wei, Fuxiang, Meng, Qingkun, and Jin, Yunxue, "Facile synthesis of Ni3S2 and Co9S8 double-size nanoparticles decorated on rGO for high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 226, Feb. 1, 2017, pp. 69-78.

[862] Chang, Yunzhen, Han, Gaoyi, Fu, Dongying, Liu, Feifei, Li, Miaoyu, Li, Yanping, and Liu, Cuixian, "Paper-like N-doped graphene films prepared by hydroxylamine diffusion induced assembly and their ultrahigh-rate capacitive properties," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 115, pp. 461-470, Jan. 1, 2014.

[863] Chao, Fen, and Liang, Guozheng, "Effects of coupling agent on the preparation and dielectric properties of novel polymer-ceramic composites for embedded passive applications," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. xx no. x, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[864] Chao, Sheng, and Dogan, Fatih, "BaTiO3-SrTiO3 layered dielectrics for energy storage," Materials Letters, vol. 65 no. 6, pp. 978-981, Mar. 31, 2011.

[865] Chao, Xu, and Cheng, Yang, "High-performance Supercapacitor based on Metal Oxide Coated Fibrous Electrode," 2015 16th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology, Changsha, China, Aug. 11-14, 2015, pp. 419-423.

[866] Charbonneau, Richard and Grasso, Charles, "Embedded Capacitance the Next Step in PWB Design," NCMS.

[867] Chase, Yun, "Introduction to Choosing MLC Capacitors for Bypass/Decoupling Applications."

[868] Chaudhari, Sudeshna, Sharma, Yogesh, Archana, Panikar Sathyaseelan, Jose, Rajan, Ramakrishna, Seeram, Mhaisalkar, Subodh, and Srinivasan, Madhavi, "Electrospun polyaniline nanofibers web electrodes for supercapacitors," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 129 no. 4, pp. 1660-1668, Aug. 15, 2013.

[868d] Che, Hongwei, Liu, Aifeng, Mu, Jingbo, Bai, Yongmei, Wu, Chunxia, Zhang, Xiaoliang, Zhang, Zhixiao, and Wang, Guangshuo, "Facile synthesis of flower-like NixCo3-xO4 (0<=x<=1.5) microstructures as high-performance electrode materials for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 225, Jan. 20, 2017, pp. 283-291.

[869] Che, Hongwei, and Liu, Aifeng, "Hierarchical Co3O4 nanoflowers assembled from nanosheets: facile synthesis and their application in supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26 no. 6, pp. 4097-4104, June 2015.

[869d] Che, Hongwei, Wang, Yuqiao, and Mao, Yuanxin, "Novel flower-like MnCo2O4 microstructure self-assembled by ultrathin nanoflakes on the microspheres for high-performance supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 680, pp. 586-594, Sept. 25, 2016.

[870] Chee, W. K., Lim, H. N., Harrison, I., Chong, K. F., Zainal, Z., Ng, C. H., and Huang, N. M., "Performance of Flexible and Binderless Polypyrrole/Graphene Oxide/Zinc Oxide Supercapacitor Electrode in a Symmetrical Two-Electrode Configuration," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 157, pp. 88-94, Mar. 1, 2015.

[870d] Chen, Aibing, Li, Yunqian, Yu, Yifeng, Ren, Shaofeng, Wang, Yuying, Xia, Kechan, and Li, Shuhui, "Nitrogen-doped hollow carbon spheres for supercapacitors application," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 688 Part A, pp. 878-884, Dec. 15, 2016.

[871] Chen, Aibing, Yu, Yifeng, Xing, Tingting, Wang, Rujie, Zhang, Yue, and Li, Qing, "Synthesis of graphitic carbon spheres for enhanced supercapacitor performance," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 50 no. 16, pp. 5578-5582, Aug. 2015.

[872] Chen, Aibing, Yu, Yifeng, Li, Yuetong, Wang, Yuying, Li, Yunqian, Li, Shuhui, and Xia, Kechan, "Synthesis of macro-mesoporous carbon materials and hollow core/mesoporous shell carbon spheres as supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science , vol. 51 no. 9, pp. 4601-4608, May 2016.

[873] Chen, Aibing, Yu, Yifeng, Xing, Tingting, Wang, Rujie, Li, Yonglei, and Li, Yuetong, "Synthesis of nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon for supercapacitors," Materials Letters, vol. 157, pp. 30-33, Oct. 15, 2015.

[874] Chen, Chang-Sheng, Lin, Yo-Shen, Chen, Wei-Ting, Shyu, Chin-Sun, Lay, Shinn-Juh, and Lee, Min-Lin, "PCB Embedded Capacitor with Central Via Connection Structure for RF Application," Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium, Seoul, Korea, Dec. 10-12, 2008, pp. 77-80.

[875] Chen, Chih-Lung, Lee, Wen-Hsi, and Wei, Wen-Cheng J., "Sintering Behavior and Interfacial Analysis of Ni/Cu Electrode with BaTiO3 Particulates," Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 14 no. 1, pp. 25-36, Jan. 2005.

[876] Chen, Chi-Te, Zhao, Jin, and Chen, Qinglun, "A Simulation Study of Simultaneous Switching Noise," 2001 Proceedings 51st Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Orlando, FL, May 29-June 1, 2001, pp. pages?.

[877] Chen, Chin-Yi, Chiang, Chi-Ying, Shih, Shao-Ju, Tsay, Chien-Yie, and Lin, Chung-Kwei, "High supercapacitive performance of sol-gel ZnO-doped manganese oxide coatings," Thin Solid Films, vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[878] Chen, Chong, Yu, Shuhui, Sun, Rong, Luo, Suibin, Weng, Lvqian, and Du, Ruxu, "Micro-structural and Interfacial Effects on the Dielectric Properties of High-k Aluminum/Epoxy Composites for Embedded Capacitors," International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging , Beijing, China, Aug. 10-13, 2009, pp. 589-592.

[879] Chen, Chunnian, Fan, Wei, Zhang, Qi, Ma, Ting, Fu, Xuwang, and Wang, Zhongbing, "In situ synthesis of cabbage like polyaniline@hydroquinone nanocomposites and electrochemical capacitance investigations," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 132 no. 29, pp. 42290-1-42290-5, Aug. 5, 2015.

[880] Chen, Chunnian, Fu, Xuwang, Fan, Wei, Ma, Ting, Wang, Zhongbing, and Miao, Shiding, "In-situ synthesis of core/shell structured polypyrrole/hydroquinone nano-beads and electrochemical capacitance investigations," Materials Letters, vol. 138, pp. 279-283, Jan. 1, 2015.

[881] Chen, Chunnian, Fu, Xuwang, Ma, Ting, Fan, Wei, Wang, Zhongbing, and Miao, Shiding, "Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Graphene Oxide/Nanosulfur/Polypyrrole Ternary Nanocomposite Hydrogel for Supercapacitors," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 131 no. 18, pp. 40814-1-40814-5, Sept. 15, 2014.

[882] Chen, Deng-Yuan, Azuma, Masamichi, McMillan, Larry D., and Paz de Araujo, Carlos A., "A Simple Unified Analytical Model for Ferroelectric Thin Film Capacitor and Its Applications for Nonvolatile Memory Operation," Proceedings of the Ninth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, University Park, PA, Aug. 7-10, 1994, pp. 25-28.

[883] Chen, Dongchang, Ding, Dong, Li, Xiaxi, Waller, Gordon Henry, Xiong, Xunhui, El-Sayed, Mostafa A., and Liu, Meilin, "Probing the Charge Storage Mechanism of a Pseudocapacitive MnO2 Electrode Using in Operando Raman Spectroscopy," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 27 no. 19, pp. 6608-6619, Oct. 13, 2015.

[884] Chen, Edward, Lai, Ken, Prymak, John, and Prevallet, Mike, "Facedown Termination for Higher C/V - Lower ESL Conductive-Polymer SMT Capacitors," Proceedings CARTS Asia 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 11-15, 2005, pp. xx-xx.

[885] Chen, Edward, Lai, Ken, Ashburn, Travis, Prymak, John, and Prevallet, Mike, "Introducing Flex "Fail-Open" Capabilities for MLC Chip Capacitors," Proceedings CARTS Asia 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 11-13, 2005, pp. 63-71.

[886] Chen, Edward, Prevallet, Mike, and Prymak, John, "Ripple Current Confusion," KEMET.

[887] Chen, Fanglin, and Ma, Shuguo, "Highly ordered macroporous woody biochar with ultra-high carbon content as supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 113, pp. 481-489, Dec. 15, 2013.

[888] Chen, Fengyin, Gui, Dayong, Ding, Sheng, Zhu, Yifeng, and Liu, Jianhong, "Carbon Aerogel/Polyaniline Composite as Supercapacitors Packaging Applications," 2012 13th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, Guilin, China, Aug. 13-16, 2012, pp. 254-257.

[889] Chen, Guang, Chandrasekhar, Janani, Oh, Dan, and Liu, Hui, "Impact of PCB Decoupling on Device Electromigration Performance," 2015 IEEE 65th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, San Diego, CA, May 26-29, 2015, pp. 748-751.

[890] Chen, Guang, and Oh, Dan, "Improving the Target Impedance Method for PCB Decoupling of Core Power," 2014 IEEE 64th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Orlando, FL, May 27-30, 2014, pp. 566-571.

[891] Chen, Guang, Choo, WernShin, Sun, Shishuang, and Oh, Dan, "In-Depth Analysis of Power Noise Coupling Between Core and Periphery Power Rails," 2013 IEEE 22nd Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, San Jose, CA, Oct. 27-30, 2013, pp. 211-214.

[892] Chen, Guo-hua, Yang, Yun, Kang, Xiao-ling, Yuan, Chang-lai, and Zhou, Chang-rong, "Preparation and dielectric properties of BaTiO3-based X8R ceramics co-doped with BIT and CBS glass," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 24 no. 1, pp. 196-202, Jan. 2013.

[893] Chen, Guo-hua, Zhang, Wen-jun, Liu, Xin-yu, and Zhou, Chang-rong, "Preparation and properties of strontium barium niobate based glass-ceramics for energy storage capacitors," Journal of Electroceramics, vol. xx no. x, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[894] Chen, Fei, Liu, Peng, and Zhao, Qiaoqiao, "Well-defined graphene/polyaniline flake composites for high performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 76, pp. 62-68, Aug. 1, 2012.

[895] Chen, Hai, Wei, Bingqing, and Ma, Dongsheng, "Energy Storage and Management System With Carbon Nanotube Supercapacitor and Multidirectional Power Delivery Capability for Autonomous Wireless Sensor Nodes," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 25 no. 12, pp. 2897-2909, Dec. 2010.

[896] Chen, Hao, Liu, Duo, Shen, Zhehong, Bao, Binfu, Zhao, Shuyan, and Wu, Limin, "Functional Biomass Carbons with Hierarchical Porous Structure for Supercapacitor Electrode Materials," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 180, pp. 241-251, Oct. 20, 2015.

[897] Chen, Hao, Qi, Xue Qiang, Kuang, Min, Dong, Fan, and Zhang, Yu Xin, "Hierarchical copper/nickel-based manganese dioxide core-shell nanostructure for supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 212, pp. 671-677, Sept. 10, 2016.

[898] Chen, Hao, Zhou, Min, Wang, Zhao, Zhao, Shiyong, and Guan, Shiyou, "Rich nitrogen-doped ordered mesoporous phenolic resin-based carbon for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 148, pp. 187-194, Dec. 1, 2014.

[899] Chen, Hao, Zhang, Bo, Li, Fei, Kuang, Min, Huang, Ming, Yang, Yue, and Zhang, Yu Xin, "Sculpturing the Core towards Mesoporous Manganese Dioxides Nanosheets-Built Nanotubes for Pseudocapacitance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 187, pp. 488-495, Jan. 1, 2016.

[900] Chen, Hong, Gao, Hui, Xiao, Houwen, Zhou, Xiuhua, Zhang, Wengong, and Ling, Qidan, "Eco-friendly synthesis of few-layer graphene with high surface area under low temperature for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 206, pp. 10-16, July 10, 2016.

[901] Chen, Hongwei, Yang, Chuanren, Fu, Chunlin, Shi, Jun, Zhang, Jihua, and Leng, Wenjian, "Microstructure and dielectric properties of BaZrxTi1-xO3 ceramics," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 19 no. 4, pp. 379-382, Apr. 2008.

[902] Chen, Hongyan, Ai, Yani, Liu, Fan, Chang, Xing, Xue, Yuan, Huang, Qi, Wang, Chi, Lin, Hualin, and Han, Sheng, "Carbon-coated Hierarchical Ni-Mn Layered Double Hydroxide Nanoarrays on Ni Foam for Flexible High-capacitance Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 213, pp. 55-65, Sept. 20, 2016.

[903] Chen, Huabo, Fang, Jiayuan, and Shi, Weimin, "Effective Decoupling Radius of Decoupling Capacitor," Proceedings 10th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, Cambridge, MA, Oct. 29-31, 2001, pp. 277-281.

[904] Chen, Huichao, Li, Qianqian, Teng, Na, Long, Donghui, Ma, Cheng, Wei, Yanju, Wang, Jitong, and Ling, Licheng, "Simultaneous micropore development and nitrogen doping of ordered mesoporous carbons for enhanced supercapacitor and Li-S cathode performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 214, pp. 231-240, Oct. 1, 2016.

[905] Chen, Huimin, Li, Yu, Feng, Yiyu, Lv, Peng, Zhang, Peng, and Feng, Wei, "Electrodeposition of carbon nanotube/carbon fabric composite using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide for high performance capacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 60, pp. 449-455, Jan. 15, 2012.

[906] Chen, I-Fong, Hsue, Ching-Wen, Kuan, Ming-Chih, and Luo, Wen-Yuh, "Modeling the Imperfect Ground of Printed Circuit Boards Based on TEM Assumption," IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. E83-B, no. 9, pp. 2124-2129, Sept. 2000.

[907] Chen, Ji, Sheng, Kaixuan, Luo, Peihui, Li, Chun, and Shi, Gaoquan, "Graphene Hydrogels Deposited in Nickel Foams for High-Rate Electrochemical Capacitors," Advanced Materials, vol. 24 no. 33, pp. 4569-4573, Aug. 28, 2012.

[908] Chen, Jian, and Feng, Zhihua, "X7R dielectric multilayer ceramic capacitors show good micro-actuating properties with little hysteresis," Electronics Letters, vol. 50 no. 7, pp. 538-540, Mar. 27, 2014.

[909] Chen, Jiangqiong, Xia, Zhengbin, Li, Hui, Li, Qiao, and Zhang, Yajun, "Preparation of highly capacitive polyaniline/black TiO2 nanotubes as supercapacitor electrode by hydrogenation and electrochemical deposition," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 166, pp. 174-182, June 1, 2015.

[910] Chen, Jie, Huang, Kelong, and Liu, Suqin, "Hydrothermal preparation of octadecahedron Fe3O4 thin film for use in an electrochemical supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55 no. 1, pp. 1-5, Dec. 15, 2009.

[911] Chen, Jiucun, Liu, Yinqin, Li, Wenjun, Wu, Chao, Xu, Liqun, and Yang, Huan, "Nanostructured polystyrene/polyaniline/graphene hybrid materials for electrochemical supercapacitor and Na-ion battery applications," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 50 no. 16, pp. 5466-5474, Aug. 2015.

[911d] Chen, Jizhang, Zhou, Xiaoyan, Mei, Changtong, Xu, Junling, Zhou, Shuang, and Wong, Ching-Ping, "Pyrite FeS2 nanobelts as high-performance anode material for aqueous pseudocapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 222, Dec. 20, 2016, pp. 172-176.

[912] Chen, Juan, Xu, Minjia, Hubing, Todd H., Drewniak, James L., Van Doren, Thomas P., and DuBroff, Richard E., "Experimental Evaluation of Power Bus Decoupling on a 4-Layer Printed Circuit Board," IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility Symposium Record Volume One, Washington, D.C., Aug. 21-25, 2000, pp. 335-338.

[913] Chen, Juan, Hubing, Todd H., Van Doren, Thomas P., and DuBroff, Richard E., "Power Bus Isolation Using Power Islands in Printed Circuit Boards," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 373-380, May 2002.

[914] Chen, Jun Song, Gui, Yang, and Blackwood, Daniel John, "A versatile ionic liquid-assisted approach to synthesize hierarchical structures of b-Ni(OH)2 nanosheets for high performance pseudocapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 188, pp. 863-870, Jan. 10, 2016.

[915] Chen, Jun, Cui, Yanhui, Wang, Xiaoqing, Zhi, Mingjia, Lavorgna, Marino, Baker, Andrew P., and Wu, Junwei, "Fabrication of hierarchical porous cobalt manganese spinel graphene hybrid nanoplates for electrochemical supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 188, pp. 704-709, Jan. 10, 2016.

[916] Chen, Jun, Jia, Chunyang, and Wan, Zhongquan, "The preparation and electrochemical properties of MnO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes hybrid nanocomposite and its application in a novel flexible micro-supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 121, pp. 49-56, Mar. 1, 2014.

[917] Chen, Junchen, Wang, Yaming, Cao, Jianyun, Liu, Yan, Ouyang, Jia-Hu, Jia, Dechang, and Zhou, Yu, "Flexible and solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor based on ternary graphene/MnO2/carbon black hybrid film with high power performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 182, pp. 861-870, Nov. 10, 2015.

[918] Chen, K. Y., Brown, W. D., and Schaper, L. W., "Modeling and Simulation of Thin Film Decoupling Capacitors," Proceedings of the IEEE 7th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging , West Point, NY, Oct. 26-28, 1998, pp. 205-208.

[919] Chen, Ke, Nielsen, Matt, Soss, S., Rymaszewski, Eugene J., Lu, Toh-Ming, and Wan, C. T., "Study of Tantalum Oxide Thin Film Capacitors on Metallized Polymer Sheets for Advanced Packaging Applications, " IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology - Part B, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 117-122, May 1997.

[919d] Chen, Kuiyong, Huang, Xiaobin, Wan, Chaoying, and Liu, Hong, "Heteroatom-doped hollow carbon microspheres based on amphiphilic supramolecular vesicles and highly crosslinked polyphosphazene for high performance supercapacitor electrode materials," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 222, Dec. 20, 2016, pp. 543-550.

[920] Chen, Kun-Yen, Huang, Chang-Wei, Wu, Marklaw, Wei, Wen-Cheng J., and Hsueh, Chun-Hway, "Advanced characterization of mechanical properties of multilayer ceramic capacitors," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , vol. 25 no. 2, pp. 627-634, Feb. 2014.

[921] Chen, Li-Feng, Huang, Zhi-Hong, Liang, Hai-Wei, Guan, Qing-Fang, and Yu, Shu-Hong, "Bacterial-Cellulose-Derived Carbon Nanofiber@MnO2 and Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanofiber Electrode Materials: An Asymmetric Supercapacitor with High Energy and Power Density," Advanced Materials, vol. 25 no. 34, pp. 4746-4752, Sept. 14, 2013.

[922] Chen, Liqin, Li, Bo, Qi, Zhaoxiong, Guo, Hai, Zhou, Ji, and Li, Longtu, "Structure and Manufacturing Process of MnO2 Counter Electrode in Niobium Suboxide Capacitors," Journal of Electronic Materials, vol. 42 no. 10, pp. 2933-2939, Oct. 2013.

[923] Chen, Liying, Wu, Shunhua, Wang, Shuang, and Wang, Guoqing, "Microstructure and dielectric properties of BaTiO3-based X7R ceramics," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 19 no. 4, pp. 327-331, Apr. 2008.

[924] Chen, Lu, Gu, Ningyu, Ding, Rui, Qi, Li, and Wang, Hongyu, "Facile fabrication of mesoporous manganese oxides as advanced electrode materials for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry , vol. 17 no. 10, pp. 2579-2588, Oct. 2013.

[925] Chen, Lu, Li, Hehe, Yoshitake, Hideya, Qi, Li, Gu, Ningyu, and Wang, Hongyu, "Low-temperature performance of aqueous electrochemical capacitors based on manganese oxides," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 157, pp. 333-344, Mar. 1, 2015.

[926] Chen, Mingde, Kang, Xueya, Wumaier, Tuerdi, Dou, Junqing, Gao, Bo, Han, Ying, Xu, Guoqing, Liu, Zhiqiang, and Zhang, Lu, "Preparation of activated carbon from cotton stalk and its application in supercapacitor," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 17 no. 4, pp. 1005-1012, Apr. 2013.

[926d] Chen, Ming, Dai, Yu, Wang, Jingjing, Wang, Qiong, Wang, Yaping, Cheng, Xiaonong, and Yan, Xuehua, "Smart combination of three-dimensional-flower-like MoS2 nanospheres/interconnected carbon nanotubes for application in supercapacitor with enhanced electrochemical performance," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 696, pp. 900-906, Mar. 5, 2017.

[927] Chen, Nansen, "Designs of Power Distribution Network for Octa-Core Mobile Application Processor," 2015 IEEE 19th Workshop on Signal and Power Integrity , Berlin, Germany, May 10-13, 2015, pp. xx-xx.

[928] Chen, Po-Chun, Hsieh, Sheng-Jen, Zou, Jun, and Chen, Chien-Chon, "Selectively dealloyed Ti/TiO2 network nanostructures for supercapacitor application," Materials Letters, vol. 133, pp. 175-178, Oct. 15, 2014.

[929] Chen, Qiao-Ling, Xue, Kuan-Hong, Shen, Wei, Tao, Fei-Fei, Yin, Shou-Yin, and Xu, Wen, "Fabrication and electrochemical properties of carbon nanotube array electrode for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 49 no. 24, pp. 4157-4161, Sept. 30, 2004.

[929d] Chen, Qidi, Cai, Daoping, and Zhan, Hongbing, "Construction of reduced graphene oxide nanofibers and cobalt sulfide nanocomposite for pseudocapacitors with enhanced performance," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 706, pp. 126-132, June 5, 2017.

[929h] Chen, Qiulin, Lei, Shuijin, Chen, Lianfu, Deng, Peiqin, Xiao, Yanhe, and Cheng, Baochang, "A novel fluffy nanostructured 3D network of Ni(C7H4O5) for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 230, pp. 141-150, Mar. 10, 2017.

[930] Chen, Qiuting, Yu, Shuhui, Sun, Rong, and Xie, Shenghui, "Preparation and Dielectric Properties of BaTiO3@PANI filled PVDF composites," 2013 14th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology , Dalian, China, Aug. 11-14, 2013, pp. 351-355.

[931] Chen, Rixiong, Yu, Shuhui, Sun, Rong, Yang, Wenhu, and Zhao, Yubao, "KCl-assisted, chemically reduced graphene oxide for high-performance supercapacitor electrodes," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry , vol. 16 no. 11, pp. 3635-3641, Nov. 2012.

[932] Chen, S., and Zhitomirsky, I., "Polypyrrole coated carbon nanotubes for supercapacitors, prepared using indigo carmine as a dispersant and dopant," Materials Letters, vol. 135, pp. 47-50, Nov. 15, 2014.

[933] Chen, Shulin, Liu, Fan, Xiang, Quanjun, Feng, Xionghan, and Qiu, Guohong, "Synthesis of Mn2O3 microstructures and their energy storage ability studies," Electrochimica Acta, vol. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[934] Chen, Tian-Tian, Song, Wei-Li, and Fan, Li-Zhen, "Engineering graphene aerogels with porous carbon of large surface area for flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 165, pp. 92-97, May 20, 2015.

[934d] Chen, Tzu-Ling, and Elabd, Yossef A., "Hybrid-Capacitors with Polyaniline/Carbon Electrodes Fabricated via Simultaneous Electrospinning/Electrospraying," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 229, pp. 65-72, Mar. 1, 2017.

[934h] Chen, Wei, Gui, Dayong, Yu, Si, Liu, Chanqun, Zhao, Liqing, and Liu, Jianhong, "Preparation of Nickel Oxide/Graphene Aerogel Composites and Its Electrochemical Performance for Supercapacitor," 2016 17th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology, Wuhan, China, Aug. 16-19, 2016, pp. 249-252.

[935] Chen, Wangyang, Tao, Xuquan, Wei, Denghu, Wang, Huaisheng, Yu, Qiang, and Li, Yuchao, "High-performance supercapacitor based on actived carbon-MnO2-polyaniline composite," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[936] Chen, Wei, Gui, Dayong, Liu, Chunliang, Xiong, Weijian, Cai, Xueqing, Tan, Guiming, Li, Shibin, and Liu, Jianhong, "Preparation of Graphene Aerogel and Its Electrochemical Properties as the Electrode Materials for Supercapacitors," 2015 16th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology, Changsha, China, Aug. 11-14, 2015, pp. 35-38.

[937] Chen, Wenbin, Cai, Miao, Gong, Ming, Zhang, Bingbing, Yang, Yu, Zhang, Zhen, Pan, Kailin, and Yang, Daoguo, "Electrical Characterization of Novel Material for High-density Capacitors," 2012 13th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, Guilin, China, Aug. 13-16, 2012, pp. 1655-1658.

[938] Chen, Wenzhao, Shi, Jingjing, Zhu, Taishan, Wang, Qiang, Qiao, Jinli, and Zhang, Jiujun, "Preparation of Nitrogen and Sulfur dual-doped Mesoporous Carbon for Supercapacitor Electrodes with Long Cycle Stability," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 177, pp. 327-334, Sept. 20, 2015.

[939] Chen, Xiang Ying, He, Yuan Yuan, Song, Hong, and Zhang, Zhong Jie, "A multi-template carbonization approach to hierarchically nanoporous carbon for high-performance supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 19 no. 1, pp. 179-186, Jan. 2015.

[940] Chen, Xiang Ying, Song, Hong, Zhang, Zhong Jie, and He, Yuan Yuan, "A rational template carbonization method for producing highly porous carbon for supercapacitor application," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 117, pp. 55-61, 2014.

[941] Chen, Xiang Ying, and Zhou, Qing Qing, "The production of porous carbon from calcium lignosulfonate without activation process and the capacitive performance," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 71, pp. 92-99, June 1, 2012.

[942] Chen, Xu, Long, Conglai, Lin, Changpeng, Wei, Tong, Yan, Jun, Jiang, Lili, and Fan, Zhuangjun, "Al and Co co-doped a-Ni(OH)2/graphene hybrid materials with high electrochemical performances for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 137, pp. 352-358, Aug. 10, 2014.

[943] Chen, Xu, Chen, Kunfeng, Wang, Hao, and Xue, Dongfeng, "Functionality of Fe(NO3)3 salts as both positive and negative pseudocapacitor electrodes in alkaline aqueous electrolyte," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 147, pp. 216-224, Nov. 20, 2014.

[944] Chen, Xuli, Lin, Huijuan, Deng, Jue, Zhang, Ye, Sun, Xuemei, Chen, Peining, Fang, Xin, Zhang, Zhitao, Guan, Guozhen, and Peng, Huisheng, "Electrochromic Fiber-Shaped Supercapacitors," Advanced Materials , vol. 26 no. 49, pp. 8126-8132, Dec. 23, 2014.

[945] Chen, Xuli, Qiu, Longbin, Ren, Jing, Guan, Guozhen, Lin, Huijuan, Zhang, Zhitao, Chen, Peining, Wang, Yonggang, and Peng, Huisheng, "Novel Electric Double-Layer Capacitor with a Coaxial Fiber Structure," Advanced Materials, vol. 25 no. 44, pp. 6436-6441, Nov. 26, 2013.

[946] Chen, Xuli, Lin, Huijuan, Chen, Peining, Guan, Guozhen, Deng, Jue, and Peng, Huisheng, "Smart, Stretchable Supercapacitors," Advanced Materials, vol. 26 no. 26, pp. 4444-4449, July 9, 2014.

[947] Chen, Ya, Wang, Jia-Wei, Shi, Xi-Chang, and Chen, Bai-Zhen, "Pseudocapacitive characteristics of manganese oxide anodized from manganese coating electrodeposited from aqueous solution," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 109, pp. 678-683, Oct. 30, 2013.

[948] Chen, Yan, Xu, Jianhua, Yang, Yajie, Li, Shibin, Yang, Wenyao, Peng, Tianju, Mao, XiLing, and Zhao, Yuetao, "PEDOT:PSS/graphene/PEDOT ternary film for high performance electrochemical electrode," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , vol. 26 no. 11, pp. 8292-8300, Nov. 2015.

[949] Chen, Yan, Xu, Jianhua, Yang, Yajie, Zhao, Yuetao, Yang, Wenyao, Mao, Xilin, He, Xin, and Li, Shibin, "The preparation and electrochemical properties of PEDOT:PSS/MnO2/PEDOT ternary film and its application in flexible micro-supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 193, pp. 199-205, Mar. 1, 2016.

[950] Chen, Yao, Zhang, Xiong, Zhang, Dacheng, and Ma, Yanwei, "High power density of graphene-based supercapacitors in ionic liquid electrolytes," Materials Letters, vol. 68, pp. 475-477, Feb. 1, 2012.

[951] Chen, Yao, Zhang, Xiong, Zhang, Dacheng, and Ma, Yanwei, "One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of ruthenium oxide nanodots on reduced graphene oxide sheets for supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 511 no. 1, pp. 251-256, Jan. 15, 2012.

[952] Chen, Yaohong, Li, Hua, Lin, Fuchang, Lv, Fei, Li, Zhiwei, and Zhang, Miao, "Effect of Interlayer Air on Performance of Dry-type Metalized Film Capacitor in DC, AC and Pulsed Applications," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 18 no. 4, pp. 1301-1306, Aug. 2011.

[953] Chen, Yaohong, Li, Hua, Lin, Fuchang, Lv, Fei, Zhang, Miao, Li, Zhiwei, and Liu, De, "Study on Self-Healing and Lifetime Characteristics of Metallized-Film Capacitor Under High Electric Field," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, vol. 40 no. 8, pp. 2014-2019, Aug. 2012.

[954] Chen, Yaow-Ming, Wu, Hsu-Chin, Chou, Ming-Wei, and Lee, Kung-Yen, "Online Failure Prediction of the Electrolytic Capacitor for LC Filter of Switching-Mode Power Converters," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55 no. 1, pp. 400-406, Jan. 2008.

[955] Chen, Yaping, Liu, Borui, Liu, Qi, Wang, Jun, Liu, Jingyuan, Zhang, Hongsen, Hu, Songxia, and Jing, Xiaoyan, "Flexible all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor assembled using coaxial NiMoO4 nanowire arrays with chemically integrated conductive coating," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 178, pp. 429-438, Oct. 1, 2015.

[955d] Chen, Yi-Xiu, Chuang, Ping-Chang, and Wang, Ruey-Chi, "Cu particles induced distinct enhancements for reduced graphene oxide-based flexible supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 701, pp. 603-611, Apr. 15, 2017.

[956] Chen, Yiming, and Zhang, Haiyan, "The Super-capacitor properties of Aligned Carbon nanotubes Array prepared by Radio Frequency Plasma-Enhanced Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition," Advanced Materials Research, vol. 150-151, pp. 1560-1563, 2011.

[957] Chen, Ying-Chu, Hsu, Yu-Kuei, Lin, Yan-Gu, Lin, Yu-Kai, Horng, Ying-Ying, Chen, Li-Chyong, and Chen, Kuei-Hsien, "Highly flexible supercapacitors with manganese oxide nanosheet/carbon cloth electrode," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 56 no. 20, pp. 7124- 7130, Aug. 1, 2011.

[958] Chen, Yuanzhen, Wang, Beiping, Dong, Shujuan, Wang, Yanping, and Liu, Yongning, "Rectangular microscale carbon tubes with protuberant wall for high-rate electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 80, pp. 34-40, Oct. 1, 2012.

[959] Chen, Yun-Tien, Liu, Shur-Fen, Hung, Chin-Hsien, Chen, Meng-Huei, and Wang, Wei-Hsuan, "Electrical and Aging Characterization of Organic Capacitive Substrate," 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, May 31-June 3, 2011, pp. 1805-1810.

[960] Chen, Yutao, Chen, Xiaohua, Yi, Bin, Guo, Kaimin, Chen, Yunfei, Zeng, Bin, and Yan, Haimei, "Mesoporous carbon with CNT skeleton and their electrochemical properties," Advanced Materials Research, vol. 150-151, pp. 1258-1262, 2011.

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[963] Chen, Zhao, Xinyou, Huang, Hao, Guan, and Chunhua, Gao, "Effect of Y2O3 and Dy2O3 on Dielectric Properties of Ba0.7 Sr0.3 TiO3 Series Capacitor Ceramics," Journal of Rare Earths, vol. 25 no. Supplement 2, pp. 197-200, June 2007.

[964] Chen, Zheng, Boroyevich, Dushan, Mattavelli, Paolo, and Ngo, Khai, "A Frequency-Domain Study on the Effect of DC-Link Decoupling Capacitors," 2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Denver, CO, Sept. 15-19, 2013, pp. 1886-1893.

[965] Chen, Zheng, Augustyn, Veronica, Wen, Jing, Zhang, Yuewei, Shen, Meiqing, Dunn, Bruce, and Lu, Yunfeng, "High-Performance Supercapacitors Based on Intertwined CNT/V2O5 Nanowire Nanocomposites," Advanced Materials, vol. 23 no. 6, pp. 791-795, Feb. 8, 2011.

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[967] Cheng, Ding, Yang, Yefeng, Luo, Yaobin, Fang, Changjiang, and Xiong, Jie, "Growth of Ultrathin Mesoporous Ni-Mo Oxide Nanosheet Arrays on Ni Foam for High-performance Supercapacitor Electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 176, pp. 1343-1351, Sept. 10, 2015.

[968] Cheng, Fang, Yu, Xuewen, Wang, Jing, Shi, Zhiqiang, and Wu, Changcheng, "A novel supercapacitor electrolyte of spiro-(1,1')-bipyrolidinium tetrafluoroborate in acetonitrile/dibutyl carbonate mixed solvents for ultra-low temperature applications," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 200, pp. 106-114, May 10, 2016.

[969] Cheng, Fukui, He, Chun, Shu, Dong, Chen, Hongyu, Zhang, Jie, Tang, Shaoqing, and Finlow, David E., "Preparation of nanocrystalline VN by the melamine reduction of V2O5 xerogel and its supercapacitive behavior," Materials Chemistry and Physics , vol. xxx no. x, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[970] Cheng, Hualei, Zhou, Wancheng, Du, Hongliang, Luo, Fa, and Wang, Wenrui, "Microstructure and dielectric properties of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3-Bi(Zn2/3Nb1/3)O3 - xmol%CeO2 lead-free ceramics for high temperature capacitor applications," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26 no. 11, pp. 9097-9106, Nov. 2015.

[971] Cheng, Huiming, Qiu, Hanxun, Zhu, Zhiwei, Li, Meixian, and Shi, Zujin, "Investigation of the electrochemical behavior of dopamine at electrodes modified with ferrocene-filled double-walled carbon nanotubes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 63, pp. 83-88, Feb. 29, 2012.

[972] Cheng, Hung-Hsiang, Kuo, Chih-Wen, Pan, Po-Chih, Chen, Yi-Hua, Chen, Kuo-Hua, Li, Li, Han, Ken, and Cooper, Glenn, "Design and Characterization of Power Delivery System for Multi-Chip Package with Embedded Discrete Capacitors," 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, May 31-June 3, 2011, pp. 2179-2184.

[973] Cheng, Jinbing, Liu, Xianming, Lu, Yang, Hou, Xiaoyi, Han, Lei, Yan, Hailong, Xu, Jinyou, and Luo, Yongsong, "Porous CoMn2O4 microspheres as advanced pseudocapacitive materials," Materials Letters, vol. 165, pp. 231-234, Feb. 15, 2016.

[974] Cheng, Liang Xiao, Zhang, Lei, Chen, Xiang Ying, and Zhang, Zhong Jie, "Efficient conversion of waste polyvinyl chloride into nanoporous carbon incorporated with MnOx exhibiting superior electrochemical performance for supercapacitor application," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 176, pp. 197-206, Sept. 10, 2015.

[975] Cheng, Yonghua, Joeri, Van Mierlo, Lataire, Philippe, Buechel, Mathias, Knorr, Rainer, and Gallay, Roland, "Method of identifying voltage difference of super capacitors and principle of voltage balancing," 2007 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Aalborg, Denmark, Sept. 2-5, 2007, pp. xx-xx.

[976] Cheng, Yu-Jen, Chuang, Hao-Hsiang, Hsia, Chun, Chen, Wen-Wei, Huang, Wen-Po, and Wu, Tzong-Lin, "A Physics-Based Model of On-chip Decoupling Capacitor for Accurate Power Integrity Analysis," 2011 IEEE Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium, Hangzhou, China, Dec. 12-14, 2011, pp. xx-xx.

[977] Chew, Li Wern, "Power Distribution Network Modeling using Block-based Approach," 2013 IEEE 15th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, Singapore, Dec. 11-13, 2013, pp. 230-234.

[978] Chew, Li Wern, "Power Plane Merger Option Based On Load Current Behaviors," 2013 17th IEEE Workshop on Signal and Power Integrity, Paris, France, May 12-15, 2013, pp. xx-xx.

[979] Chew, Li Wern, and Ong, Paik Wen, "Study of Power Integrity Challenges in High-Speed I/O Design Using Power Rails Merging Scheme," 2013 IEEE 15th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, Singapore, Dec. 11-13, 2013, pp. 114-117.

[980] Chew, Li Wern, "The Effect of Higher Order Model Decoupling Capacitors in the Design of a Power Delivery Network," 2012 4th Asia Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 10-11, 2012, pp. 117-122.

[981] Chi, C.-S., Jeong, Y., Kim, S. S., Lee, J.-H., and Oh, H.-J., "Electrochemical Etching of Aluminum Foil for Electrolytic Capacitors," Materials Science Forum, vol. 475-479, pp. 385-388, 2005.

[981d] Chi, Hong Zhong, Yin, Shi, Cen, Di, Chen, Kaijian, Hu, Yongping, Qin, Haiying, and Zhu, Hongjie, "The capacitive behaviours of MnO2/carbon fiber composite electrode prepared in the presence of sodium tetraborate," Journal of Alloys and Compounds , vol. 678, pp. 42-50, Sept. 5, 2016.

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[986] Chiang, Chia-Jui, Yang, Jing-Long, and Cheng, Wen-Chin, "EKF-based Estimation of SOC and Temperature in Ultracapacitors," 2013 10th IEEE International Conference on Control and Automation, Hangzhou, China, June 12-14, 2013, pp. 274-279.

[987] Chien, Hsiu-Chuan, Wu, Tzu-Ho, Rajkumar, Muniyandi, and Hu, Chi-Chang, "Effects of buffer agents on hydrogen adsorption and desorption at/within activated carbon for the negative electrode of aqueous asymmetric supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 205, pp. 1-7, July 1, 2016.

[988] Chin, Suk Fun, Pang, Suh Cem, and Anderson, Marc A., "Self-assembled manganese dioxide nanowires as electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors," Materials Letters, vol. 64 no. 24, pp. 2670-2672, Dec. 31, 2010.

[989] Chinoy, Percy, and Langlois, Marc, "Thin-film embedded resistor and capacitor technologies," Circuit World , vol. 30 no. 1, pp. 16-19, 2004.

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[992] Cho, Han Seo, Cho, Sukhyeon, Jo, Jihong, Seo, Haenam, Kim, Byongmoon, and Yoo, Jegwang, "Highly reliable processes for embedding discrete passive components into organic substrates," Microelectronics Reliability, vol. xx no. x, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[993] Cho, Jonghyun, Kim, Youngwoo, Kim, Joungho, Sundaram, Venky, and Tummala, Rao, "Analysis of Glass Interposer PDN and Proposal of PDN Resonance Suppression Methods," 2013 IEEE International 3D Systems Integration Conference , Oct. 2-4, 2013, pp. xx-xx.

[994] Cho, Sung-Dong, Jang, Kyung-Woon, Hyun, Jin-Gul, Lee, Sangyong, Paik, Kyung-Wook, Kim, Hyungsoo, and Kim, Joung-Ho, "Epoxy/BaTiO3 Composite Films and Pastes for High Dielectric Constant and Low-Tolerance Embedded Capacitors Fabrication in Organic Substrates," IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing, vol. 28 no. 4 pp. 297-303, Oct. 2005.

[995] Cho, Won-Je, Yeom, Chul Gi, Kim, Byung Chul, Kim, Kwang Man, Ko, Jang Myoun, and Yu, Kook-Hyun, "Supercapacitive properties of activated carbon electrode in organic electrolytes containing single- and double-cationic liquid salts," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 89, pp. 807-813, Feb. 1, 2013.

[996] Chodankar, Nilesh R., Dubal, Deepak P., Gund, Girish S., and Lokhande, Chandrakant D., "Flexible all-solid-state MnO2 thin films based symmetric supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 165, pp. 338-347, May 20, 2015.

[997] Choi, Changsoon, Lee, Jae Ah, Choi, A Young, Kim, Youn Tae, Lepro, Xavier, Lima, Marcio D., Baughman, Ray H., and Kim, Seon Jeong, "Flexible Supercapacitor Made of Carbon Nanotube Yarn with Internal Pores," Advanced Materials, vol. 26 no. 12, pp. 2059-2065, Mar. 26, 2014.

[998] Choi, Hyeong-Jong, Kim, Jin Hyeon, Kim, Hong-Ki, Lee, Seung-Hwan, and Lee, Young-Hie, "Improving the Electrochemical Performance of Hybrid Supercapacitor using Well-organized Urchin-like TiO2 and Activated Carbon," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 208, pp. 202-210, Aug. 1, 2016.

[999] Choi, J., Chun, S., Na, N., Swaminathan, M., and Smith, L., "A Methodology for the Placement and Optimization of Decoupling Capacitors for Gigahertz Systems," Thirteenth International Conference on VLSI Design , Calcutta, India, Jan. 3-7, 2000, pp. 156-161.

[1000] Choi, Jae Young, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "An Effective Modeling Method for Multi-scale and Multilayered Power/Ground Plane Structures," 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, May 31-June 3, 2011, pp. 477-483.

[1001] Choi, Jae Young, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "Decoupling Capacitor Placement in Power Delivery Networks Using MFEM," IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 1 no. 10, pp. 1651-1661, Oct. 2011.

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[1003] Choi, Jae Young, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "Practical Aspects of Modeling Apertures for Signal and Power Integrity Co-simulation," 2011 IEEE 20th Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, San Jose, CA, Oct. 23-26, 2011, pp. 7-10.

[1004] Choi, Jinseong, Wan, Lixi, Swaminathan, Madhavan, Beker, Ben, and Master, Raj, "Modeling of Realistic On-Chip Power Grid using the FDTD Method," 2002 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility Symposium Record - Volume 1, Minneapolis, MN, Aug. 19-23, 2002, pp. 238-243.

[1005] Choi, Jinwoo, Min, Sung-Hwan, Kim, Joong-Ho Kim, Swaminathan, Madhavan, Beyene, Wendemagegnehu, and Yuan, Xingchao Yuan, "Modeling and Analysis of Power Distribution Networks for Gigabit Applications," IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 299-313, Oct.-Dec. 2003.

[1006] Choi, Jinwoo, Kam, Dong Gun, Chung, Daehyun, Srinivasan, Krishna, Govind, Vinu, Kim, Joungho, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "Near-Field and Far-Field Analyses of Alternating Impedance Electromagnetic Bandgap (AI-EBG) Structure for Mixed-Signal Applications," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 30 no. 2, pp. 180-190, May 2007.

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[1012] Chow, Robert, and Ellis, Alan D., "Fabrication and Characterization of Nanolayer Capacitors," CARTS USA 2008 Proceedings, Newport Beach, CA, Mar. 17-20, 2008, pp. xx-xx.

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[1014d] Chu, Jia, Lu, Dengyu, Wang, Xianshan, Wang, Xiaoqin, and Xiong, Shanxin, "WO3 nanoflower coated with graphene nanosheet: Synergetic energy storage composite electrode for supercapacitor application," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 702, pp. 568-572, Apr. 25, 2017.

[1015] Chu, Xiu Qin, Lin, Yong Jia, Pan, Bo Hua, and Zhang, Songsong, "Fast algorithm based on self-resonant frequency for decoupling capacitor selection," Electronics Letters, vol. 49 no. 18, pp. 1176-1178, Aug. 29, 2013.

[1016] Chua, Eng-Kee, Li, Xing-Ming, Hu, Shan-Qing, and See, Kye-Yak, "Measurement of Power Distribution Network Impedance Using an Error Analysis Approach," 2014 IEEE 16th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference , Singapore, Dec. 3-5, 2014, pp. 117-121.

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[1024] Cicerone, S., Orlandi, A., Archambeault, B., Connor, S., Fan, J., and Drewniak, J. L., "Cavities' Identification Algorithm for Power Integrity Analysis of Complex Boards," 2009 20th International Zurich Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Zurich, Switzerland, Jan. 12-16, 2009, pp. 253-256.

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[1028] Clark, R. Scot, and Orr, Coy D., "Reactively Sputtered Tantalum Resistors and Capacitors for Silicon Networks," IEEE Transactions on Parts, Materials, and Packaging, vol. s-1 no. 1, pp. 31-44, 1965.

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DDDD

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GGGG

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HHHH

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[1828] Hsu, Yu-Kuei, Chen, Ying-Chu, and Lin, Yan-Gu, "Synthesis of copper sulfide nanowire arrays for high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 139, pp. 401-407, Sept. 1, 2014.

[1829] Hu, Bingling, Qin, Xiaoyun, Asiri, Abdullah M., Alamry, Khalid A., Al-Youbi, Abdulrahman O., and Sun, Xuping, "Synthesis of porous tubular C/MoS2 nanocomposites and their application as a novel electrode material for supercapacitors with excellent cycling stability," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 100, pp. 24-28, June 30, 2013.

[1830] Hu, Chi-Chang, Wang, Chia-Wei, Wu, Tzu-Ho, and Chang, Kuo-Hsin, "Anodic composite deposition of hydrous RuO2-TiO2 nanocomposites for electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 85, pp. 90-98, Dec. 15, 2012.

[1831] Hu, Chi-Chang, Liu, Ming-Jue, and Chang, Kuo-Hsin, "Anodic deposition of hydrous ruthenium oxide for supercapaciors: Effects of the AcO- concentration, plating temperature, and oxide loading," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53 no. 6, pp. 2679-2687, Feb. 15, 2008.

[1832] Hu, Chi-Chang, and Chen, Wei-Chun, "Effects of substrates on the capacitive performance of RuOx.nH2O and activated carbon-RuOx electrodes for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 49 no. 21, pp. 3469-3477, Sept. 1, 2004.

[1833] Hu, Chi-Chang, Chang, Kuo-Hsin, and Wang, Chen-Ching, "Two-step hydrothermal synthesis of Ru-Sn oxide composites for electrochemical supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52 no. 13, pp. 4411-4418, Mar. 20, 2007.

[1834] Hu, Chunxiang, He, Yunyun, Chen, Shuiliang, Zhu, Yongmei, Hanif, Muddasir, and Hou, Haoqing, "Binder-free activated carbon papers for high-performance electric double-layer capacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry , vol. 18 no. 10, pp. 2797-2802, Oct. 2014.

[1835] Hu, Di, Shin, Jaemin, and Michalka, Timothy, "Fixture-free Measurement Technique for PDN Discrete Components," 2013 IEEE 63rd Electronic Components and Technology Conference, Las Vegas, NV, May 28-31, 2013, pp. 1994-2001.

[1836] Hu, H., Hubing, T., Van Doren, T., "Estimation of Printed Circuit Board Power Bus Noise at Resonance Using a Simple Transmission Line Model," 2001 IEEE EMC International Symposium Symposium Record - Volume 2, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 13-17, 2001, pp. 896-898.

[1836d] Hu, Jingzhi, Xie, Keyu, Liu, Xiaoyan, Guo, Shaohui, Shen, Chao, Liu, Xingrui, Li, Xuanhua, Wang, Jian-gan, and Wei, Bingqing, "Dramatically Enhanced Ion Conductivity of Gel Polymer Electrolyte for Supercapacitor via h-BN Nanosheets Doping," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 227, pp. 455-461, Feb. 10, 2017.

[1837] Hu, Juan, Wang, Huanlei, and Huang, Xiao, "Improved electrochemical performance of hierarchical porous carbon/polyaniline composites," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 74, pp. 98-104, July 15, 2012.

[1838] Hu, Liu, Deng, Yafeng, Liang, Kun, Liu, Xiaojiang, and Hu, Wencheng, "LaNiO3/NiO hollow nanofibers with mesoporous wall: a significant improvement in NiO electrodes for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 19 no. 3, pp. 629-637, Mar. 2015.

[1839] Hu, Liwen, Yu, Zhijing, Hu, Zongqian, Song, Yang, Zhang, Feng, Zhu, Hongmin, and Jiao, Shuqiang, "Facile synthesis of amorphous Ni(OH)2 for high-performance supercapacitors via electrochemical assembly in a reverse micelle," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 174, pp. 273-281, Aug. 20, 2015.

[1840] Hu, Mason, and Howard, James, "Distributed and Discrete Capacitors EMI Performance Comparison," Proceedings of the Technical Program NEPCON West '95, Volume 2, Anaheim, CA, Feb. 28-Mar. 2, 1995, pp. 756-765.

[1841] Hu, Mason, and Howard, James, "EMI Performance Comparison of Distributed and Discrete Capacitors," Compliance Engineering, vol. XII, no. 3, pp. 57-62, Mar./Apr. 1995.

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[1843] Hu, Minglei, Liu, Yuhao, Zhang, Min, Wei, Helin, and Gao, Yihua, "MnO2/porous carbon film/Ni electrodes with high-quality interface for high rate and performance flexible supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 218, pp. 58-65, Nov. 10, 2016.

[1843d] Hu, Wei, Wei, Hongyun, She, Yin, Tang, Xiaosheng, Zhou, Miao, Zang, Zhigang, Du, Jihe, Gao, Chao, Guo, Yongcai, and Bao, Dinghua, "Flower-like nickel-zinc-cobalt mixed metal oxide nanowire arrays for electrochemical capacitor applications," Journal of Alloys and Compounds , vol. 708, pp. 146-153, June 25, 2017.

[1844] Hu, Xing, Lin, Xin, Ling, Zhiyuan, Li, Yi, and Fu, Xiaoyi, "Fabrication and Characteristics of Galvanostatic Electrodeposited MnO2 on Porous Nickel from Etched Aluminium," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 138, pp. 132-138, Aug. 20, 2014.

[1844d] Hu, Yating, Guan, Cao, Ke, Qingqing, Yow, Zhen Feng, Cheng, Chuanwei, and Wang, John, "Hybrid Fe2O3 Nanoparticle Clusters/rGO Paper as an Effective Negative Electrode for Flexible Supercapacitors," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 28 no. 20, pp. 7296-7303, Oct. 25, 2016.

[1845] Hu, Ye-min, Shi, Tao-tao, Ni, Jian-sen, Jin, Hong-ming, Zhu, Ming-yuan, Li, Ying, and Bai, Qin, "Super-Capacitive Performances of Nickel Foam Supported CeO2 Nanoparticles," Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University, vol. 17 no. 5, pp. 513-516, Oct. 2012.

[1846] Hu, Yi, and Liu, Jiun-Shing, "Electrodeposited the Gold/Manganese Oxides as Nano Supercapacitor," 2010 IEEE 3rd International Nanoelectronics Conference, Hong Kong, China, Jan. 3-8, 2010, pp. 644-645.

[1847] Hu, Yu, Zhu, Hongwei, Wang, Jun, and Chen, Zhenxing, "Synthesis of layered birnessite-type manganese oxide thin films on plastic substrates by chemical bath deposition for flexible transparent supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509 no. 42, pp. 10234-10240, Oct. 20, 2011.

[1848] Hu, Yu-Mei, Liu, Mao-Cheng, Hu, Yu-Xia, Yang, Qing-Qing, Kong, Ling-Bin, Han, Wei, Li, Jia-Jia, and Kang, Long, "Design and synthesis of Ni2P/Co3V2O8 nanocomposite with enhanced electrochemical capacitive properties," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 190, pp. 1041-1049, Feb. 1, 2016.

[1849] Hu, Yue, Zhao, Yang, Li, Yan, Li, Hui, Shao, Huibo, and Qu, Liangti, "Defective Super-long Carbon Nanotubes and Polypyrrole Composite for High-performance Supercapacitor Electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 66, pp. 279-286, Apr. 1, 2012.

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[1851] Hu, Zhong-Ai, Xie, Yu-Long, Wang, Yao-Xian, Mo, Li-Ping, Yang, Yu-Ying, and Zhang, Zi-Yu, "Polyaniline/SnO2 nanocomposite for supercapacitor applications," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 114 no. 2-3, pp. 990-995, Apr. 15, 2009.

[1852] Hua, Li, Fuchang, Lin, Heqing, Zhong, Ling, Dai, Yongxia, Han, and Zhonghua, Kong, "Study on Metallized Film Capacitor and Its Voltage Maintaining Performance," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 45 no. 1 pt. 2, pp. 327-330, Jan. 2009.

[1853] Huang, C., Bless, P., and Stein, S. J., "High Reliability Thick Film Capacitor Dielectrics," Proceedings of the 1984 International Symposium on Microelectronics, Dallas, TX, Sept. 17-19, 1984, pp. 433-440.

[1854] Huang, Congcong, Puziy, Alexander M., Sun, Ting, Poddubnaya, Olga I., Suarez-Garca, Fabian, Tascon, Juan M. D., and Hulicova-Jurcakova, Denisa, "Capacitive Behaviours of Phosphorus-Rich Carbons Derived from Lignocelluloses," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 137, pp. 219-227, Aug. 10, 2014.

[1855] Huang, Gang, Naeemi, Azad, Zhou, Tingdong, O'Connor, Dan, Muszynski, Andrew, Singh, Bhup, Becker, Dale, Venuto, James, and Meindl, James D., "Compact Physical Models for Chip and Package Power and Ground Distribution Networks for Gigascale Integration (GSI)," 2008 Proceedings 58th Electronic Components &, Technology Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, May 27-30, 2008, pp. 646-651.

[1856] Huang, Gang, Bakir, Muhannad S., Naeemi, Azad, and Meindl, James D., "Power Delivery for 3-D Chip Stacks: Physical Modeling and Design Implication," IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 2 no. 5, pp. 852-859, May 2012.

[1857] Huang, Guangxu, Liu, Quanrun, Kang, Weiwei, Xing, Baolin, Chen, Lunjian, and Zhang, Chuanxiang, "Potassium humate based reduced graphite oxide materials for supercapacitor applications," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 196, pp. 450-456, Apr. 1, 2016.

[1858] Huang, Haifu, Lei, Chenglong, Luo, Guangsheng, Cheng, Zhenzhi, Li, Guangxu, Tang, Shaolong, and Du, Youwei, "Facile synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene on Ni foam for high-performance supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 51 no. 13, pp. 6348-6356, July 2016.

[1859] Huang, Hong, "Coordination of Design Issues in The Intermediate Bus Architecture," Twentieth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, Volume 1, Austin, TX, Mar. 6-10, 2005, pp. 169-175.

[1860] Huang, Huajie, Zhang, Wenyao, Fu, Yongsheng, and Wang, Xin, "Controlled growth of nanostructured MnO2 on carbon nanotubes for high-performance electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 152, pp. 480-488, Jan. 10, 2015.

[1861] Huang, Hui-Fen, Guo, Wei, and Chu, Qing-Xin, "Vein Power Plane for Printed Circuit Board Based on Constructal Theory," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 53 no. 4, pp. 987-995, Nov. 2011.

[1862] Huang, Huiying, Xu, Zijie, Cai, Donghui, Hao, Yuting, and Gan, Lihua, "Graphitized carbon from wastepaper as electrodes for high-performance electric double-layer capacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18 no. 9, pp. 2481-2486, Sept. 2014.

[1863] Huang, Jen-Hsien, and Chu, Chih-Wei, "Achieving efficient poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-based supercapacitors by controlling the polymerization kinetics," Electrochimica Acta, vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[1864] Huang, Jianlin, Wang, Junying, Wang, Congwei, Zhang, Huinian, Lu, Chunxiang, and Wang, Junzhong, "Hierarchical Porous Graphene Carbon-Based Supercapacitors," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 27 no. 6, pp. 2107-2113, Mar. 24, 2015.

[1865] Huang, Jiao-ying, Gao, Cheng, Cui, Wei, and Mei, Liang, "Lifetime prediction for tantalum capacitors with multiple degradation measures and particle swarm optimization based grey model," Journal of Central South University, vol. 19 no. 5, pp. 1302-1310, May 2012.

[1866] Huang, Jichun, Wu, Hongbin, Cao, Dianxue, and Wang, Guiling, "Influence of Ag doped CuO nanosheet arrays on electrochemical behaviors for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[1867] Huang, Jichun, Zhu, Jiangtao, Cheng, Kui, Xu, Yang, Cao, Dianxue, and Wang, Guiling, "Preparation of Co3O4 nanowires grown on nickel foam with superior electrochemical capacitance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[1868] Huang, Jingsong, Sumpter, Bobby G., Meunier, Vincent, Yushin, Gleb, Portet, Cristelle, and Gogotsi, Yury, "Curvature effects in carbon nanomaterials: Exohedral versus endohedral supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Research, vol. 25 no. 8, pp. 1525-1531, Aug. 2010.

[1869] Huang, Jingsong, Qiao, Rui, Sumpter, Bobby G., and Meunier, Vincent, "Effect of diffuse layer and pore shapes in mesoporous carbon supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Research, vol. 25 no. 8, pp. 1469-1475, Aug. 2010.

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[1871] Huang, Kaibing, Li, Min, Chen, Zhenhua, Yao, Yiyuan, and Yang, Xiuwen, "Nitrogen-enriched porous carbon nanofiber networks for binder-free supercapacitors obtained by using a reactive surfactant as a porogen," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 158, pp. 306-313, Mar. 10, 2015.

[1872] Huang, Ke-Jing, Zhang, Ji-Zong, Shi, Gang-Wei, and Liu, Yan-Ming, "Hydrothermal synthesis of molybdenum disulfide nanosheets as supercapacitors electrode material," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 132, pp. 397-403, June 20, 2014.

[1873] Huang, Ke-Jing, Zhang, Ji-Zong, Shi, Gang-Wei, and Liu, Yan-Ming, "One-step hydrothermal synthesis of two-dimensional cobalt sulfide for high-performance supercapacitors," Materials Letters, vol. 131, pp. 45-48, Sept. 15, 2014.

[1874] Huang, Ke-Jing, Zhang, Ji-Zong, and Fan, Yun, "One-step solvothermal synthesis of different morphologies CuS nanosheets compared as supercapacitor electrode materials," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 625, pp. 158-163, Mar. 15, 2015.

[1875] Huang, Ke-Jing, Zhang, Ji-Zong, and Xing, Ke, "One-step synthesis of layered CuS/multi-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposites for supercapacitor electrode material with ultrahigh specific capacitance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 149, pp. 28-33, Dec. 10, 2014.

[1876] Huang, Ke-Jing, Zhang, Ji-Zong, and Fan, Yun, "Preparation of layered MoSe2 nanosheets on Ni-foam substrate with enhanced supercapacitor performance," Materials Letters, vol. 152, pp. 244-247, Aug. 1, 2015.

[1877] Huang, Ke-Jing, Zhang, Ji-Zong, and Cai, Jia-Lin, "Preparation of porous layered molybdenum selenide-graphene composites on Ni foam for high-performance supercapacitor and electrochemical sensing," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 180, pp. 770-777, Oct. 20, 2015.

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[1881] Huang, Ming, Li, Fei, Zhao, Xiao Li, Luo, Da, You, Xue Qiu, Zhang, Yu Xin, and Li, Gang, "Hierarchical ZnO@MnO2 Core-Shell Pillar Arrays on Ni Foam for Binder-Free Supercapacitor Electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 152, pp. 172-177, Jan. 10, 2015.

[1882] Huang, Po-Ling, Luo, Xu-Feng, Peng, You-Yu, Pu, Nen-Wen, Ger, Ming-Der, Yang, Cheng-Hsien, Wu, Tzi-Yi, and Chang, Jeng-Kuei, "Ionic Liquid Electrolytes with Various Constituent Ions for Graphene-based Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 161, pp. 371-377, Apr. 10, 2015.

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[2015] Jiang, Jianbo, Tan, Gongrong, Peng, Sanjun, Qian, Dong, Liu, Jinlong, Luo, Dongming, and Liu, Youcai, "Electrochemical performance of carbon-coated Li3V2(PO4)3 as a cathode material for asymmetric hybrid capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 107, pp. 59-65, Sept. 30, 2013.

[2016] Jiang, Jingui, Zhou, Min, Chen, Hao, Wang, Zhao, Bao, Luke, Zhao, Shiyong, Guan, Shiyou, and Chen, Jianding, "Hierarchically porous carbon derived from an aqueous curable composition for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 168, pp. 300-307, June 20, 2015.

[2017] Jiang, Jingui, Bao, Luke, Qiang, Yiwei, Xiong, Yachao, Chen, Jiayun, Guan, Shiyou, and Chen, Jianding, "Sol-gel process-derived rich nitrogen-doped porous carbon through KOH activation for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 158, pp. 229-236, Mar. 10, 2015.

[2018] Jiang, Junhua, and Kucernak, Anthony, "Electrochemical supercapacitor material based on manganese oxide: preparation and characterization," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 47 no. 15, pp. 2381-2386, June 5, 2002.

[2019] Jiang, Junhua, Zhang, Lei, Wang, Xinying, Holm, Nancy, Rajagopalan, Kishore, Chen, Fanglin, and Ma, Shuguo, "Highly ordered macroporous woody biochar with ultra-high carbon content as supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. xxx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2020] Jiang, L., Vangari, M., Pryor, T., Xiao, Z., and Korivi, N. S., "Miniature supercapacitors based on nanocomposite thin films," Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 111, pp. 52-57, Nov. 2013.

[2021] Jiang, Liang, Yan, Jingwang, Xue, Rong, Sun, Gongquan, and Yi, Baolian, "Partially graphitized ordered mesoporous carbons for high-rate supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18 no. 8, pp. 2175-2182, Aug. 2014.

[2022] Jiang, Lei, Yan, Jingwang, Zhou, Ying, Hao, Lixing, Xue, Rong, Jiang, Liang, and Yi, Baolian, "Activated carbon/graphene composites with high-rate performance as electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 17 no. 11, pp. 2949-2958, Nov. 2013.

[2023] Jiang, Liang, Yan, Jingwang, Xue, Rong, Hao, Lixing, Jiang, Lei, Sun, Gongquan, and Yi, Baolian, "Hierarchically porous carbons with partially graphitized structures for high rate supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 49 no. 1, pp. 363-370, Jan. 2014.

[2024] Jiang, Luyun, Nelson, Geoffrey W., Han, Seong Ok, Kim, Heeyeon, Sim, I Na, and Foord, John S., "Natural Cellulose Materials for Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 192, pp. 251-258, Feb. 20, 2016.

[2025] Jiang, Ming, Abushrenta, Nasser, Wu, Xiaochao, Li, Yaping, and Sun, Xiaoming, "Investigation for the synthesis of hierarchical Co3O4@MnO2 nanoarrays materials and their application for supercapacitor," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2026] Jiang, Qi, Yang, Rong, Fu, Guanggang, Xie, DeYu, Huang, Bin, He, Zheng Wen, and Zhao, Yong, "Preparation of the Carbon Nanotube / Carbon Fiber Composite and Application as the Electrode Material of the Electrochemical Super Capacitor," Materials Science Forum, vol. 687, pp. 158-162, 2011.

[2027] Jiang, Rongrong, Huang, Tao, Tang, Yang, Liu, Jiali, Xue, Leigang, Zhuang, Jihua, and Yu, Aishui, "Factors influencing MnO2/multi-walled carbon nanotubes composite's electrochemical performance as supercapacitor electrode," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 54 no. 27, pp. 7173-7179, Nov. 30, 2009.

[2028] Jiang, Shulan, Shi, Tielin, Gao, Yang, Long, Hu, Xi, Shuang, and Tang, Zirong, "Fabrication of a 3D micro/nano dual-scale carbon array and its demonstration as the microelectrodes for supercapacitors," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 24 no. 4, pp. 045001-1-045001-9, Apr. 2014.

[2029] Jiang, Wei, Hu, Yongda, Bao, ShengXiang, Lijie, Song, Yuwei, Zheng, Cui, Yongqiang, and Qiang, Li, "Analysis on the causes of decline of MLCC insulation resistance," 2015 16th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology, Changsha, China, Aug. 11-14, 2015, pp. 1255-1257.

[2030] Jiang, Wenming, Jia, Xiaohua, Luo, Zhijun, and Wu, Xiangyang, "Supercapacitor performance of spherical nanoporous carbon obtained by a CaCO3-assisted template carbonization method from polytetrafluoroethene waste and the electrochemical enhancement by the nitridation of CO(NH2)2," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 147, pp. 183-191, Nov. 20, 2014.

[2031] Jiang, Xin, Cao, Yachang, Li, Peixu, Wei, Jinquan, Wang, Kunlin, Wu, Dehai, and Zhu, Hongwei, "Polyaniline/graphene/carbon fiber ternary composites as supercapacitor electrodes," Materials Letters, vol. 140, pp. 43-47, Feb. 1, 2015.

[2032] Jiang, Yong, Ling, Xuetao, Jiao, Zheng, Li, Li, Ma, Qiliang, Wu, Minghong, Chu, Yuliang, and Zhao, Bing, "Flexible of multiwalled carbon nanotubes/manganese dioxide nanoflake textiles for high-performance electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 153, pp. 246-253, Jan. 20, 2015.

[2033] Jiang, Zhenglong, Li, Hua, Wang, Bowen, Wang, Wenjuan, Li, Haoyuan, He, Junjia, and Lin, Fuchang, "Fracture Behavior of Metallized Electrode for Capacitor Under Pulsed Current," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation , vol. 23 no. 5, pp. 2517-2525, Oct. 2016.

[2034] Jiao, Dan, Kim, Joong-Ho, and He, Jiangqi, "Efficient Full-Wave Characterization of Discrete High-Density Multiterminal Decoupling Capacitors for High-Speed Digital Systems," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 31 no. 1, pp. 154-162, Feb. 2008.

[2035] Jiao, Yue, Wan, Caichao, and Li, Jian, "Scalable synthesis and characterization of free-standing supercapacitor electrode using natural wood as a green substrate to support rod-shaped polyaniline," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2036] Jin, Guizhen, Xiao, Xuxian, Li, Shun, Zhao, Kuangmin, Wu, Yuanzhan, Sun, Dan, and Wang, Fen, "Strongly coupled graphene/Mn3O4 composite with enhanced electrochemical performance for supercapacitor electrode," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 178, pp. 689-698, Oct. 1, 2015.

[2036d] Jin, Han-Biao, Li, Er-Ping, Ruehli, Albert E., Drewniak, James L., and Archambeault, Bruce, "Time domain PDN noise modeling for high performance system," 2016 IEEE 25th Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems , San Diego, CA, Oct. 23-26, 2016, pp. 61-64.

[2037] Jin, Ming, Han, Gaoyi, Chang, Yunzhen, Zhao, Hua, and Zhang, Huanyu, "Flexible electrodes based on polypyrrole/manganese dioxide/polypropylene fibrous membrane composite for supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 56 no. 27, pp. 9838-9845, Nov. 30, 2011.

[2038] Jin, Zhen-Yu, Lu, An-Hui, Xu, Yuan-Yuan, Zhang, Jin-Tao, and Li, Wen-Cui, "Ionic Liquid-Assisted Synthesis of Microporous Carbon Nanosheets for Use in High Rate and Long Cycle Life Supercapacitors," Advanced Materials , vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2039] Jing, Mingjun, Yang, Yingchang, Zhu, Yirong, Hou, Hongshuai, Wu, Zhibin, and Ji, Xiaobo, "An Asymmetric Ultracapacitors Utilizing a-Co(OH)2/Co3O4 Flakes Assisted by Electrochemically Alternating Voltage," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 141, pp. 234-240, Sept. 20, 2014.

[2040] Jing, Mingjun, Hou, Hongshuai, Yang, Yingchang, Zhu, Yirong, Wu, Zhibin, and Ji, Xiaobo, "Electrochemically alternating voltage tuned Co2MnO4/Co hydroxide chloride for an asymmetric supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 165, pp. 198-205, May 20, 2015.

[2041] Jisha, M. R., Hwang, Yun Ju, Shin, Jae Sun, Nahm, Kee Suk, Kumar, T. Prem, Karthikeyan, K., Dhanikaivelu, N., Kalpana, D., Renganathan, N. G., and Stephan, A. Manuel, "Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitors based on carbons derived from coffee shells," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 115 no. 1, pp. 33-39, May 15, 2009.

[2042] Jiu, Hongfang, Huang, Changshui, Zhang, Lixin, Chang, Jianxia, Jiao, Hongqian, Zhang, Shaomei, and Jia, W. B., "Excellent electrochemical performance of graphene-polyaniline hollow microsphere composite as electrode material for supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26 no. 11, pp. 8386-8393, Nov. 2015.

[2042d] Jo, Eun Hee, Choi, Ji-Hyuk, Park, Su-Ryeon, Lee, Chong Min, Chang, Hankwon, and Jang, Hee Dong, "Size and Structural Effect of Crumpled Graphene Balls on the Electrochemical Properties for Supercapacitor Application," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 222, Dec. 20, 2016, pp. 58-63.

[2043] Jo, Kiyoung, Gu, Minsu, and Kim, Byeong-Su, "Ultrathin Supercapacitor Electrode Based on Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanosheets Assembled with Photo-Cross-Linkable Polymer: Conversion of Electrochemical Kinetics in Ultrathin Films," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 27 no. 23, pp. 7982-7989, Dec. 8, 2015.

[2044] Jo, Kyungmin, Lee, Sangbong, Kim, Sang-Min, In, Jung Bin, Lee, Seung-Mo, Kim, Jae-Hyun, Lee, Hak-Joo, and Kim, Kwang-Seop, "Stacked Bilayer Graphene and Redox-Active Interlayer for Transparent and Flexible High-Performance Supercapacitors," Chemistry of Materials , vol. 27 no. 10, pp. 3621-3627, May 26, 2015.

[2045] Jo, Yongcheol, Cho, Won-Je, Inamdar, A. I., Kim, Byung Chul, Kim, Jongmin, Kim, Hyungsang, Im, Hyunsik, Yu, Kook-Hyun, and Kim, Dae-Young, "Electrochemical Supercapacitor Properties of Polyaniline Thin Films in Organic Salt Added Electrolytes," Journal of Applied Polymer Science , vol. 131 no. 11, pp. 40306-1-40306-6, June 5, 2014.

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[2058] Johnson, Howard, "Capacitor Layout Matters," EDN, Sept. 5, 2002.

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[2089] Johnson, Howard, "Picket Fences," High-Speed Digital Design On-Line Newsletter, vol. 2, issue 16.

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[2102] Johnson, Howard, "Series Resonance," EDN, Vol. xx no. x, pp. xx-xx, Mar. 1, 2012.

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KKKK

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[2234] Kim, Jingook, Archambeault, Bruce, Knighten, James L., and Fan, Jun, "Analysis of Mutual Inductance Effect between Decoupling Capacitors on Planar Power Bus," 2010 Asia-Pacific Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility , Beijing, China, Apr. 12-16, 2010, pp. 313-316.

[2235] Kim, Jingook, Li, Liang, Wu, Songping, Wang, Hanfeng, Takita, Yuzo, Takeuchi, Hayato, Araki, Kenji, Fan, Jun, and Drewniak, James L., "Closed-Form Expressions for the Maximum Transient Noise Voltage Caused by an IC Switching Current on a Power Distribution Network," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 54 no. 5, pp. 1112-1124, Oct. 2012.

[2236] Kim, Jingook, Lee, Jongjoo, Ahn, Seungyoung, and Fan, Jun, "Closed-Form Expressions for the Noise Voltage Caused by a Burst Train of IC Switching Currents on a Power Distribution Network," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 56 no. 6, pp. 1585-1597, Dec. 2014.

[2237] Kim, Jingook, Shringarpure, Ketan, Fan, Jun, Kim, Joungho, and Drewniak, James L., "Equivalent Circuit Model for Power Bus Design in Multi-Layer PCBs With Via Arrays," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 21 no. 2, pp. 62-64, 2011.

[2238] Kim, Jingook, Kim, Jaemin, Ren, Liehui, Fan, Jun, Kim, Joungho, and Drewniak, James L., "Extraction of Equivalent Inductance in Package-PCB Hierarchical Power Distribution Network," IEEE 18th Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, Portland, OR, Oct. 19-21, 2009, pp. 109-112.

[2239] Kim, Jingook, Takita, Yuzo, Araki, Kenji, and Fan, Jun, "Improved Target Impedance for Power Distribution Network Design With Power Traces Based on Rigorous Transient Analysis in a Handheld Device," IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 3 no. 9, pp. 1554-1563, Sept. 2013.

[2240] Kim, Jingook, Fan, Jun, Ruehli, Albert E., Kim, Joungho, and Drewniak, James L., "Inductance Calculations for Plane-Pair Area Fills With Vias in a Power Distribution Network Using a Cavity Model and Partial Inductances," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques vol. 59 no. 8, pp. 1909-1924, Aug. 2011.

[2241] Kim, Jingook, Ren, Liehui, and Fan, Jun, "Physics-Based Inductance Extraction for Via Arrays in Parallel Planes for Power Distribution Network Design," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 58 no. 9, pp. 2434-2447, Sept. 2010.

[2242] Kim, Ji-Young, Kim, Kwang-Heon, Park, Sang-Hoon, and Kim, Kwang-Bum, "Microwave-polyol synthesis of nanocrystalline ruthenium oxide nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes for electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2243] Kim, Jong-Huy, Lee, Yong-Sung, Sharma, Ashok K., and Liu, Chen G., "Polypyrrole/carbon composite electrode for high-power electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52 no. 4, pp. 1727-1732, Dec. 1, 2006.

[2244] Kim, Jonghoon, Kim, Hyungsoo, Ryu, Woonghwan, Kim, Joungho, Yun, Young-hwan, Kim, Soo-hyung, Ham, Seog-heon, An, Hyeong-keon, and Lee, Yonh-hee, "Effects of On-chip and Off-chip Decoupling Capacitors on Electromagnetic Radiated Emission,' 1998 Proceedings 48th Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Seattle, WA, May 25-28, 1998, pp. 610-614.

[2245] Kim, Jonghoon, Choi, Baekkyu, Kim, Hyungsoo, Ryu, Woonghwan, Yun, Young-hwan, Ham, Seog-heon, Kim, Soo-Hyung, Lee, Yong-hee, and Kim, Joungho, "Separated Role of On-chip and On-PCB Decoupling Capacitors for Reduction of Radiated Emission on Printed Circuit Board," 2001 IEEE EMC International Symposium Symposium Record - Volume 1, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 13-17, 2001, pp. 531-536.

[2246] Kim, Jongmin, Song, Ki-Jae, Yoo, Jongwoon, and Nah, Wansoo, "Analysis of Coupled Simultaneous Switching Noise Induced from Power Delivery Network in Adjacent Switching Circuit," 11th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, Singapore, Dec. 9-11, 2009, pp. 968-972.

[2247] Kim, Joo Hyun, Lee, Sangkyu, Lee, Jung Woo, Song, Taeseup, and Paik, Ungyu, "3D-interconnected Nanoporous RGO-CNT Structure for Supercapacitors Application," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 125, pp. 536-542, Apr. 10, 2014.

[2248] Kim, Joong-Ho, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "Analysis of Multi-Layered Irregular Power Distribution Planes with Vias Using Transmission Matrix Method," Proceedings 10th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, Cambridge, MA, Oct. 29-31, 2001, pp. 207-210.

[2249] Kim, Joong-Ho, Jiao, Dan, He, Jiangqi, Radhakrishnan, Kaladhar, and Dai, Changhong, "Characterization of Discrete Decoupling Capacitors for High-Speed Digital Systems," 54th Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Volume 1, Las Vegas, NV, June 1-4, 2004, pp. 259-265.

[2250] Kim, Joong-Ho, Matoglu, Erdem, Choi, Jinwoo, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "Modeling of Multi-Layered Power Distribution Planes Including Via Effects Using Transmission Matrix Method," Proceedings of ASP-DAC/VLSI Design 2002. 7th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference and 15th International Conference on VLSI Design, Bangalore, India, Jan. 7-11, 2002, pp. 59-64.

[2251] Kim, Joong-Ho, and Swaminathan, Madhavan, "Modeling of Multilayered Power Distribution Planes Using Transmission Matrix Method," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 189-199, May 2002.

[2252] Kim, Joong-Ho, Swaminathan, Madhavan, and Suh, Youngsuk Suh, "Modeling of Power Distribution Networks for Mixed Signal Applications," 2001 IEEE EMC International Symposium Symposium Record - Volume 2, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 13-17, 2001, pp. 1117-1122.

[2253] Kim, Joung Wook, Wada, Takeshi, Kim, Sung Gyoo, and Kato, Hidemi, "Enlarging the surface area of an electrolytic capacitor of porous niobium by Mg-Ce eutectic liquid dealloying," Scripta Materialia, vol. 122, pp. 68-71, Sept. 2016.

[2254] Kim, Joung Wook, Tsuda, Masashi, Wada, Takeshi, Yubuta, Kunio, Kim, Sung Gyoo, and Kato, Hidemi, "Optimizing niobium dealloying with metallic melt to fabricate porous structure for electrolytic capacitors," Acta Materialia, vol. 84, pp. 497-505, Feb. 1, 2015.

[2255] Kim, Joung Wook, Wada, Takeshi, Kim, Sung Gyoo, and Kato, Hidemi, "Sub-micron porous niobium solid electrolytic capacitor prepared by dealloying in a metallic melt," Materials Letters, vol. 116, pp. 223-226, Feb. 1, 2014.

[2256] Kim, Jung Won, and Choi, Bong Gill, "All-solid state flexible supercapacitors based on graphene/polymer composites," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 159, pp. 114-118, June 1, 2015.

[2257] Kim, Ki-Seok, and Park, Soo-Jin, "Electrochemical performance of graphene/carbon electrode contained well-balanced micro- and mesopores by activation-free method," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 65, pp. 50-56, Mar. 30, 2012.

[2258] Kim, Ki-Seok, and Park, Soo-Jin, "Influence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on the electrochemical performance of graphene nanocomposites for supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 56 no. 3, pp. 1629-1635, Jan. 1, 2011.

[2259] Kim, Ki-Seok, and Park, Soo-Jin, "Synthesis of microporous carbon nanotubes by templating method and their high electrochemical performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 78, pp. 147-153, Sept. 1, 2012.

[2260] Kim, Kiyeong, Pak, Jun So, Kim, Heegon, Lee, Junho, Park, Kunwoo, and Kim, Joungho, "Impedance of Power Distribution Networks in TSV-based 3D-ICs," 2011 IEEE Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium, Hangzhou, China, Dec. 12-14, 2011, pp. xx-xx.

[2261] Kim, Kwang Man, Latifatu, Mohammed, Lee, Young-Gi, Ko, Jang Myoun, Kim, Jong Huy, and Cho, Won Il, "Effect of ceramic filler-containing polymer hydrogel electrolytes coated on the polyolefin separator on the electrochemical properties of activated carbon supercapacitor," Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 32 no. 2-3, pp. 146-153, May 2014.

[2262] Kim, Kwang Man, Lee, Young-Gi, Shin, Dong Ok, and Ko, Jang Myoun, "Supercapacitive properties of layered electrodes composed of electrodeposited RuO2 and polyaniline," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 196, pp. 309-315, Apr. 1, 2016.

[2263] Kim, Kyungmin, Park, Jiyoung, Cha, Gihoon, Yoo, Jeong Eun, and Choi, Jinsub, "Electrochemical etching of a niobium foil in methanolic HF for electrolytic capacitor," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 141 no. 2-3, pp. 810-815, Sept. 16, 2013.

[2264] Kim, Myeongjin, Yoo, Myeongyeol, Yoo, Youngjae, and Kim, Jooheon, "Capacitance behavior of composites for supercapacitor applications prepared with different durations of graphene/nanoneedle MnO2 reduction," Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 54 no. 3, pp. 587-594, Mar. 2014.

[2265] Kim, Myeongjin, Oh, Ilgeun, and Kim, Jooheon, "Influence of surface oxygen functional group on the electrochemical behavior of porous silicon carbide based supercapacitor electrode," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 196, pp. 357-368, Apr. 1, 2016.

[2266] Kim, Myeongjin, Hwang, Yongseon, Min, Kyungchan, and Kim, Jooheon, "Introduction of MnO2 nanoneedles to activated carbon to fabricate high-performance electrodes as electrochemical supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 113, pp. 322-331, Dec. 15, 2013.

[2267] Kim, Myeongjin, Hwang, Yongseon, and Kim, Jooheon, "Super-capacitive performance depending on different crystal structures of MnO2 in graphene/MnO2 composites for supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 48 no. 21, pp. 7652-7663, Nov. 2013.

[2268] Kim, Myoung-Gyun, Lee, Byoung Hwa, and Yun, Tae-Yeoul, "Equivalent-Circuit Model for High-Capacitance MLCC Based on Transmission-Line Theory," IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 2 no. 6, pp. 1012-1020, June 2012.

[2269] Kim, Nam Dong, Yun, Hyeong Jin, Song, In Kyu, and Yi, Jongheop, "Preparation and characterization of nanostructured Mn oxide by an ethanol-based precipitation method for pseudocapacitor applications," Scripta Materialia, vol. 65 no. 5, pp. 448-451, Sept. 2011.

[2270] Kim, Sang-Hyun, and Choi, Woojin, "A Method for Performance Evaluation and Optimal Sizing of the Supercapacitor Module by the Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy," 31st International Telecommunications Energy Conference, Incheon, Korea, Oct. 18-22, 2009, pp. xx-xx.

[2271] Kim, Sang-Hyun, Kim, Tae-Hoon, Kim, Wook, Lee, Jong-Hak, and Choi, Woojin, "Optimal Selection and Design of the Supercapacitor Module for Fuel Cell Vehicles," 2010 Twenty-Fifth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, Palm Springs, CA, Feb. 21-25, 2010, pp. 466-473.

[2272] Kim, Sang-Jin, Kim, Ki-Joon, Seong, Nak-Jin, Lee, Joon-Ung, Korobova, N., and Park, S., "Dielectric Properties of Stabilized Barium Titanate Films," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials, Volume 2, Seoul, Korea, May 25-30, 1997, pp. 1010-1012.

[2273] Kim, Sang-Jin, Kim, Ki-Joon, Seong, Nak-Jin, Wang, Jong-Bae, Park, Hyun-Jun, and Kim, Myong-Yong, "The Degradation of Barium Titanate (BaTiO3) Films under High Electric Fields," Proceedings of 1998 International Symposium on Electrical Insulating Materials, Toyohashi, Japan, Sept. 27-30, 1998, pp. 147-150.

[2274] Kim, Sang-Ok, Kim, Hyung Sun, and Lee, Joong Kee, "High rate capability of Cu-coated activated carbon electrodes for Li-ion capacitors using non-aqueous electrolytes," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 133 no. 1, pp. 38-41, Mar. 15, 2012.

[2275] Kim, Seonghwan, Lee, Jaehan, Kim, Choonsoo, and Yoon, Jeyong, "Na2FeP2O7 as a Novel Material for Hybrid Capacitive Deionization," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 203, pp. 265-271., June 10, 2016.

[2276] Kim, So Yeun, Yang, KapSeung, and Kim, Bo-Hye, "Enhanced electrical capacitance of heteroatom-decorated nanoporous carbon nanofiber composites containing graphene," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 137, pp. 781-788, Aug. 10, 2014.

[2277] Kim, Sung-Kon, Koo, Hyung-Jun, Lee, Aeri, and Braun, Paul V., "Selective Wetting-Induced Micro-Electrode Patterning for Flexible Micro-Supercapacitors," Advanced Materials, vol. 26 no. 30, pp. 5108-5112, Aug. 13, 2014.

[2278] Kim, Taeeui, Kim, KyungO, Kim, Hongwon, Jung, Taesung, and Yi, Sung, "Tolerance Analysis for Embedded passive in Organic Substrate," International Conference on Electronic Materials and Packaging, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 22-24, 2008, pp. 317-320.

[2279] Kim, Y. D., Landin, S. M., Cornejo, I. A., and Haun, M. J., "Low-Firing Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3-Pb5Ge2SiO11 Compositions for Thick Film Capacitor Applications," Proceedings of the Ninth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, University Park, PA, Aug. 7-10, 1994, pp. 585-588.

[2280] Kim, Yong-Ju, Yoon, Han-Sub, Lee, Seongsoo, Moon, Gyu, Kim, Joungho, and Wee, Jae-Kyung, "An Efficient Path-Based Equivalent Circuit Model for Design, Synthesis, and Optimization of Power Distribution Networks in Multilayer Printed Circuit Boards," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 97-106, Feb. 2004.

[2281] Kim, Yong-Ju, Kang, Jong-Ho, KunWoo-Park, Wee, Joe-Kyung, and Hong, Ki-Ho, "Synthesis Method for Design of Power Distribution Network in High-Speed Digital Systems," Proceedings of the 12th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, Princeton, NJ, Oct. 27-29, 2003, pp. 133-136.

[2282] Kim, Yong Jung, Jang, In Young, Park, Ki Chul, Jung, Yong Chae, Oka, Takuyuki, Iinou, Satoshi, Komori, Yasuhiro, Kozutsumi, Toshihiko, Hashiba, Takashi, Kim, Yoong Ahm, and Endo, Morinobu, "High-capacitance supercapacitors using nitrogen-decorated porous carbon derived from novolac resin containing peptide linkage," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55 no. 20, pp. 5624-5628, Aug. 1, 2010.

[2283] Kim, Youngwoo, Kim, Kiyeong, Cho, Jonghyun, Kim, Joungho, Kang, Kibum, Yang, Taisik, Ra, Yun, and Paik, Woohyun, "Power Distribution Network Design and Optimization based on Frequency Dependent Target Impedance," 2015 IEEE Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium, Seoul, South Korea, Dec. 14-16, 2015, pp. 89-92.

[2284] Kim, Yuna, and Kim, Seok, "Direct growth of cobalt aluminum double hydroxides on graphene nanosheets and the capacitive properties of the resulting composites," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 163, pp. 252-259, May 1, 2015.

[2285] Kimura, Shoichi, "Flame-Sprayed Barium Titanate as a Capacitor Dielectric," IEEE Transactions on Parts, Materials, and Packaging, vol. PMP-6 no. 1, pp. 3-11, Mar. 1970.

[2286] Kinlen, Patrick J., Ulyanova, Yevgenia V., and Rawlings, Gary D., "Conductive and Electroactive Polyanilines with Unique Tunable Work Functions," CARTS 2007 Symposium Proceedings, Albuquerque, NM, Mar. 26-29, 2007, pp. 13-18.

[2287] Kirisken, Barbaros, and Ugurdag, H. Fatih, "Cost-Benefit Approach to Degradation of Electrolytic Capacitors," 2014 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, Colorado Springs, CO, Jan. 27-30, 2014, pp. xx-xx.

[2288] Kiriyama, Susumu, "Monolithic Ceramic Capacitors Help Reduce Noise in Personal Computers," AEI, pp. 46-49, Mar. 2003.

[2289] Kishi, Hiroshi, Mizuno, Youichi, Hagiwara, Tomoya, Orimo, Hirokazu, and Ohsato, Hitoshi, "Effect of re-oxidation on dielectric properties in Ni-MLCC," Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 21 no. 1-4, pp. 22-28, Dec. 2008.

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[2292] Kiyoshige, Sho, Ichimura, Wataru, Terasaki, Masahiro, Kobayashi, Ryota, Kubo, Genki, Otsuka, Hiroki, and Sudo, Toshio, "Measurement and Analysis of Anti-resonance Peak in Total PDN Impedance," Proceedings of the 2013 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Brugge, Belgium, Sept. 2-6, 2013, pp. 931-936.

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[2294] Klein, Robert J., Barber, Peter, Chance, W. Michael, and zur Loye, Hans-Conrad, "Covalently Modified Organic Nanoplatelets and their Use in Polymer Film Capacitors with High Dielectric Breakdown and Wide Temperature Operation," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 19 no. 4, pp. 1234-1238, Aug. 2012.

[2295] Klossowicz, A., Winiarski, P., Zawierta, M., Steplewski, W., and Dziedzic, A., "Analysis of Long-Term Stability of Capacitors Embedded in Printed Circuit Boards," Proceedings of the 2014 37th International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology, Dresden, Germany, May 7-11, 2014, pp. 474-479.

[2296] Kneer, E. A., Birnie III, D. P., Teowee, G., and Podlesny, J. C., "Effects of Sol-Gel PZT Film Thickness and Electrode Structure on the Electrical Behavior of Pt/PZT/Pt Capacitors," Proceedings of the Ninth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, University Park, PA, Aug. 7-10, 1994, pp. 446-449.

[2297] Knighten, James L., Archambeault, Bruce, Fan, Jun, Selli, Giuseppe, Conner, Samuel, and Drewniak, James L., "PDN Design Strategies: I. Ceramic SMT Decoupling Capacitors - What Values Should I Choose?," EMC, no. 207, pp. 46-53, Fall 2005.

[2298] Knighten, James L., Archambeault, Bruce, Fan, Jun, Selli, Giuseppe, Xue, Liang, Conner, Samuel, and Drewniak, James L., "PDN Design Strategies: II. Ceramic SMT Decoupling Capacitors - Does Location Matter?," EMC, no. 208, pp. 56-67, Winter 2006.

[2299] Knighten, James L., Archambeault, Bruce, Fan, Jun, Selli, Giuseppe, Xue, Liang, Conner, Samuel, and Drewniak, James L., "PDN Design Strategies: III. Planes and Materials - Are They Important Factors in Power Bus Design?," EMC, no. 210, pp. 58-69. Summer 2006.

[2300] Knighten, James L., Archambeault, Bruce, Fan, Jun, Selli, Giuseppe, Rajagopal, Abhilash, Connor, Samuel, and Drewniak, James L., "PDN Design Strategies: IV. Sources of PDN Noise," EMC, no. 212, pp. 54-64, Winter 2007.

[2301] Knoth, Steve, "Supercaps can best batteries in backup apps," EE Times, no. 1624, pp. 33-34,36, June 18, 2012.

[2302] Ko, Baekseok, Kim, Joowon, Ryoo, Jaemin, Hwang, Chulsoon, Kwon, Chan-Keun, and Kim, Soo-Won, "Practical approach to power integrity-driven design process for power-delivery networks," IET Circuits, Devices & Systems, vol. 10 no. 5, pp. 448-455, Sept. 2016.

[2303] Ko, Song Won, Dechakupt, Tanawadee, Randall, Clive A., Trolier-McKinstry, Susan, Randall, Michael, and Tajuddin, Azizuddin, "Chemical solution deposition of copper thin films and integration into a multilayer capacitor structure," Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 24 no. 3, pp. 161-169, May 2010.

[2303d] Ko, Tae-Hoon, Radhakrishnan, Sivaprakasam, Seo, Min-Kang, Khil, Myung-Seob, Kim, Hak-Yong, and Kim, Byoung-Suhk, "A green and scalable dry synthesis of NiCo2O4/graphene nanohybrids for high-performance supercapacitor and enzymeless glucose biosensor applications," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 696, pp. 193-200, Mar. 5, 2017.

[2304] Ko, Tae Hoon, Radhakrishnan, Sivaprakasam, Choi, Woong-Ki, Seo, Min-Kang, and Kim, Byoung-Suhk, "Core/shell-like NiCo2O4-decorated MWCNT hybrids prepared by a dry synthesis technique and its supercapacitor applications," Materials Letters , vol. 166, pp. 105-109, Mar. 1, 2016.

[2305] Ko, Wen-Yin, Chen, Lung-Jing, Chen, Yu-Hung, and Lin, Kuan-Jiuh, "Solvothermal synthesis of shape-controlled manganese oxide materials and their electrochemical capacitive performances," Journal of Materials Research, vol. 29 no. 1, pp. 107-114, Jan. 14, 2014.

[2306] Kobayashi, Naoya, Ogata, Hiroki, Park, Ki Chul, Takeuchi, Kenji, and Endo, Morinobu, "Investigation on capacitive behaviors of porous Ni electrodes for electric double layer capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 90, pp. 408-415, Feb. 15, 2013.

[2307] Kobayashi, Naoya, Sakumoto, Takeaki, Mori, Shigeyuki, Ogata, Hiroki, Park, Ki Chul, Takeuchi, Kenji, and Endo, Morinobu, "Investigation on capacitive behaviors of porous Ni electrodes in ionic liquids," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 105, pp. 455-461, Aug. 30, 2013.

[2308] Kobayashi, Naoyuki, "Illuminating capacitor choices," Electronic Products, pp. xx-xx, May 2011.

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[2311] Kobayashi, Yoshio, Saito, Hirobumi, Kinoshita, Takafumi, Nagao, Daisuke, and Konno, Mikio, "Low temperature fabrication of barium titanate hybrid films and their dielectric properties," Thin Solid Films, vol. 519 no. 6, pp. 1971-1975, Jan. 3, 2011.

[2312] Koduri, Ramam, and Orellana, Jose Rodrigo Anfossi, "Dielectric and piezoelectric characterization of PSZT-BT ceramics for capacitor applications," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 19 no. 4, pp. 373-378, Apr. 2008.

[2313] Koebrugge, G., Albertsen, K., and Hayashi, I., "BME-Y5V Materials Prepared by Solid State Technology," Active & Passive Electronic Components, vol. 25 no. 2, pp. 191-199, June 2002.

[2314] Koebrugge, Gerald, Albertsen, Knuth, Coppens, Wiljan, and Derks, Wilma, "BME-X8R For Automotive and High Voltage Applications," CARTS-Europe 2006 Proceedings, Bad Homburg, Germany, Sept. 25-28, 2006, pp. xx-xx.

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[2317] Kolathodi, Muhamed Shareef, and Natarajan, Tirupattur Srinivasan, "Development of high-performance flexible solid state supercapacitor based on activated carbon and electrospun TiO2 nanofibers," Scripta Materialia , vol. 101, pp. 84-86, May 2015.

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[2319] Kollia, Varvara, and Cangellaris, Andreas C., "A Methodology for Incorporating Metallization Loss in the Electromagnetic Modeling of the Power Distribution Network," 17th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, San Jose, CA, Oct. 27-29, 2008, pp. 343-346.

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[2516] Li, Dongwei, Yu, Feng, Yu, Zhixin, Sun, Xiaoming, and Li, Yingchun, "Three-dimensional flower-like Co(OH)2 microspheres of nanoflakes/nanorods assembled on nickel foam as binder-free electrodes for High performance supercapacitors," Materials Letters, vol. 158, pp. 17-20, Nov. 1, 2015.

[2517] Li, Er-Ping, and Liu, En-Xiao, "Domain and Modal Decomposition for Efficient Signal and Power Integrity Analysis of Multilayer Packages and PCBs," 2012 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, Montreal, Canada, June 17-22, 2012, pp. xx-xx.

[2518] Li, Fei, Zhang, Yu Xin, Huang, Ming, Xing, Yuan, and Zhang, Li Li, "Rational Design of Porous MnO2 Tubular Arrays via Facile and Templated Method for High Performance Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 154, pp. 329-337, Feb. 1, 2015.

[2519] Li, Guo-Chang, Hua, Xiu-Ni, Liu, Peng-Fei, Xie, Yi-Xin, and Han, Lei, "Porous Co3O4 microflowers prepared by thermolysis of metal-organic framework for supercapacitor," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 168, pp. 127-131, Nov. 15, 2015.

[2519d] Li, Han-Yu, Yu, Yao, Liu, Lang, Liu, Lin, and Wu, Yue, "One-step electrochemically expanded graphite foil for flexible all-solid supercapacitor with high rate performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 228, pp. 553-561, Feb. 20, 2017.

[2520] Li, Haoyuan, Li, Hua, Li, Zhiwei, Lin, Fuchang, Liu, De, Wang, Wenjuan, Wang, Bowen, and Xu, Zhijian, "T pattern fuse construction in segment metallized film capacitors based on self-healing characteristics," Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 55 no. 6, pp. 945-951, May 2015.

[2521] Li, Hehe, Zhang, Xiangdong, Ding, Rui, Qi, Li, and Wang, Hongyu, "Facile synthesis of mesoporous MnO2 microspheres for high performance AC//MnO2 aqueous hybrid supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 108, pp. 497-505, Oct. 1, 2013.

[2522] Li, Hongliang, Liu, Suqin, Huang, Chenghuan, Zhou, Zhi, Li, Yanhua, and Fang, Dong, "Characterization and supercapacitor application of coin-like b-nickel hydroxide nanoplates," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 58, pp. 89-94, Dec. 30, 2011.

[2523] Li, Hua, Wang, Bowen, Li, Zhiwei, Liu, De, Li, Haoyuan, Zhang, Qin, Lin, Fuchang, and Chen, Yaohong, "Effect of Pulsed Discharge Current on Lifetime Performance of Metallized Polypropylene Film Capacitors," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 21 no. 3, pp. 957-963, June 2014.

[2524] Li, Hua, Li, Zhiwei, Lin, Fuchang, Chen, Yaohong, Liu, De, and Wang, Bowen, "Measurement and Analysis of Insulation Resistance of Metallized Polypropylene Film Capacitor under High Electric Field," 2012 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, San Diego, CA, June 3-7, 2012, pp. 617-619.

[2525] Li, Hua, Li, Zhiwei, Lin, Fuchang, Zhang, Qin, Wang, Bowen, Li, Haoyuan, Xu, Zhijian, and Wenjuan, Wang, "Metallized Polypropylene Film Capacitors in Repetitive Pulse Applications," 2014 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference , Santa Fe, NM, June 1-5, 2014, pp. 133-136.

[2526] Li, Hua, Li, Liwei, Wang, Wenjuan, Li, Haoyuan, Lin, Fuchang, and Huang, Xiang, "Study on the Lifetime Characteristics of Pulsed Capacitors based on the Theory of Space Charge," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 23 no. 5, pp. 2526-2533, Oct. 2016.

[2527] Li, Hua, Chen, Yaohong, Lin, Fuchang, Peng, Bo, Lv, Fei, Zhang, Miao, and Li, Zhiwei, "The Capacitance Loss Mechanism of Metallized Film Capacitor under Pulsed Discharge Condition," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 18 no. 6, pp. 2089-2094, Dec. 2011.

[2528] Li, Huailong, Jiang, Lixue, Cheng, Qilin, He, Ying, Pavlinek, Vladimir, Saha, Petr, and Li, Chunzhong, "MnO2 nanoflakes/hierarchical porous carbon nanocomposites for high-performance supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 164, pp. 252-259, May 10, 2015.

[2528d] Li, Hui, Yao, Kai, Zhou, Xufeng, Yang, Fei, and Zhang, Junfang, "A Novel Online ESR and C Identification Method for Output Capacitor of Flyback Converter," 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition , Cincinnati, OH, Sept. 18-22, 2016, pp. xx-xx.

[2529] Li, Jia-Jia, Hu, Yu-Xia, Liu, Mao-Cheng, Kong, Ling-Bin, Hu, Yu-Mei, Han, Wei, Luo, Yong-Chun, and Kang, Long, "Mechanical alloying synthesis of Ni3S2 nanoparticles as electrode material for pseudocapacitor with excellent performances," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 656, pp. 138-145, Jan. 25, 2016.

[2530] Li, Jian, Liu, En-hui, Li, Wen, Meng, Xiang-yun, and Tan, Song-ting, "Nickel/carbon nanofibers composite electrodes as supercapacitors prepared by electrospinning," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 478 no. 1-2, pp. 371-374, June 10, 2009.

[2531] Li, Jiao, Songping, Wu, Xiaohong, Ding, and Jing, Ni, "ZnTiO3-based ceramics sintered at low temperature with boron addition for multilayer ceramic capacitor applications," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 20 no. 12, pp. 1186-1192, Dec. 2009.

[2531d] Li, Jie, Sun, Ying, Li, Dan, Yang, Hong, Zhang, Xueqin, and Lin, Baoping, "Novel ternary composites reduced-graphene oxide/zine oxide/poly(p-phenylenediamine) for supercapacitor: Synthesis and properties," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 708, pp. 787-795, June 25, 2017.

[2532] Li, Jing, Li, Jie, Lai, Yan-qing, Song, Hai-sheng, Zhang, Zhi-an, and Liu, Ye-xiang, "Influence of KOH activation techniques on pore structure and electrochemical property of carbon electrode materials," Journal of Central South University of Technology, vol. 13 no. 4, pp. 360-366, Aug. 2006.

[2533] Li, Jing, Tang, Jie, Yuan, Jinshi, Zhang, Kun, Shao, Qingguo, Sun, Yige, and Qin, Lu-Chang, "Interactions between Graphene and Ionic Liquid Electrolyte in Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 197, pp. 84-91, Apr. 10, 2016.

[2534] Li, Jing, Long, Huang-Ke, qing, Lai-Yan, and dong, Zhao-xiao, "The influence of structure control techniques on the electrochemical performance of PANI electrode materials," Advanced Materials Research , vol. 236-238, pp. 653-659, 2011.

[2535] Li, Jinjin, Yu, Yanan, Bao, Shu-Juan, and Sun, Qiang-qiang, "Experimental investigation of the important influence of pretreatment process of thermally exfoliated graphene on their microstructure and supercapacitor performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 180, pp. 187-195, Oct. 20, 2015.

[2536] Li, Jun, Wan, Lixi, Gao, Wei, and Liao, Cheng, "Improvement of Power Integrity with novel Segmented Power Bus Structures in RF/digital SOP," International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, Shanghai, China, July 28-31, 2008, pp. xx-xx.

[2537] Li, Jun, Wang, Xianyou, Wang, Ying, Huang, Qinghua, Dai, Chunling, Gamboa, Sergio, and Sebastian, P. J., "Structure and electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels synthesized at ambient temperatures as supercapacitors," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 354 no. 1, pp. 19-24, Jan. 1, 2008.

[2538] Li, Kai-Bing, Shi, Da-Wei, Cai, Zhi-Yong, Zhang, Guo-Liang, Huang, Qiu-An, Liu, Di, and Yang, Chang-Ping, "Studies on the equivalent serial resistance of carbon supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 174, pp. 596-600, Aug. 20, 2015.

[2539] Li, Kang-Rong, See, Kye-Yak, and Soh, Wei-Shan, "Study of Impact of Equivalent Series Inductance on High-Speed Board Emissions," 2012 Asia-Pacific Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility , Singapore, May 21-24, 2012, pp. 497-500.

[2540] Li, Kuan-Wei, Wu, Kai-Bin, and Wu, Ruey-Beei, "Optimal Decoupling Capacitors Design for Suppressing Edge Radiation of Power/Ground Planes," 2011 IEEE 20th Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, San Jose, CA, Oct. 23-26, 2011, pp. 283-286.

[2541] Li, Lei, Gao, Peng, Gai, Shili, He, Fei, Chen, Yujin, Zhang, Milin, and Yang, Piaoping, "Ultra small and highly dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles anchored on reduced graphene for supercapacitor application," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 190, pp. 566-573, Feb. 1, 2016.

[2542] Li, Leilei, Liu, Yu, Cui, Bin, Niu, Ruiyuan, Zhang, Qing, and Chang, Zhuguo, "Enhancement of dielectric properties by addition of Li-Ti-Si-O nanocomposite to X7R ceramics," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 550, pp. 216-220, Feb. 15, 2013.

[2543] Li, Li, Takahashi, Akio, Hao, Jianjun Hao, Kikuchi, Ryohei, Hayakawa, Teruaki, Tsurumi, Taka-Aki, and Kakimoto, Masa-Aki, "Novel Polymer-Ceramic Nanocomposite Based on New Concepts for Embedded Capacitor Application (I)," IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, vol. 28 no. 4, pp. 754-759, Dec. 2005.

[2544] Li, Li, Qiu, Jingjing, and Wang, Shiren, "Three-dimensional ordered nanostructures for supercapacitor electrode," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 99, pp. 278-284, June 1, 2013.

[2545] Li, Limin, Liu, Enhui, Shen, Haijie, Yang, Yanjing, Huang, Zhengzheng, Xiang, Xiaoxia, and Tian, Yingying, "Charge storage performance of doped carbons prepared from polyaniline for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 15 no. 1, pp. 175-182, Jan. 2011.

[2546] Li, Lingchuan, and Lafdi, Khalid, "Composite films prepared by immersion deposition of manganese oxide in carbon nanotubes grown on graphite for supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science, vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2547] Li, Ling-xia, Han, Ye-mei, Zhang, Ping, Ming, Cui, and Wei, Xue, "Synthesis and characterization of BaTiO3-based X9R ceramics," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 44 no. 20, pp. 5563-5568, Oct. 2009.

[2548] Li, Lingxia, Yu, Jingyang, Zhang, Ning, and Ye, Jing, "Synthesis and characterization of X8R BaTiO3-based dielectric ceramics by doping with NiNb2O6 nanopowders," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26 no. 12, pp. 9522-9528, Dec. 2015.

[2549] Li, Lixia, Song, Huaihe, and Chen, Xiaohong, "Pore characteristics and electrochemical performance of ordered mesoporous carbons for electric double-layer capacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 51 no. 26, pp. 5715-5720, Aug. 15, 2006.

[2550] Li, Longtu, Chen, Renzheng, Wang, Xiaohui, and Gui, Zhilun, "Study on Structure and Properties of X7R Ceramics based on BaTiO 3 with High Dielectric Constants," Proceedings of the 2000 12th IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, Volume 2, Honolulu, HI, July 21-Aug. 2, 2000, pp. 825-828.

[2551] Li, M., Cheng, J. P., Fang, J. H., Yang, Y., Liu, F., and Zhang, X. B., "NiAl-layered Double Hydroxide/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite: Microwave-assisted Synthesis and Supercapacitive Properties," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 134, pp. 309-318, July 10, 2014.

[2552] Li, M., Cheng, J. P., Wang, J., Liu, F., and Zhang, X. B., "The growth of nickel-manganese and cobalt-manganese layered double hydroxides on reduced graphene oxide for supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 206, pp. 108-115, July 10, 2016.

[2553] Li, Mai, Xu, Shaohui, Cherry, Christopher, Zhu, Yiping, Huang, Rong, Qi, Ruijuan, Yang, Pingxiong, Wang, Lianwei, and Chu, Paul K., "Asymmetrical Supercapacitor Composed of Thin Co(OH)2 Nanoflakes on Three-Dimensional Ni/Si Microchannel Plates with Superior Electrochemical Performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 149, pp. 18-27, Dec. 10, 2014.

[2554] Li, Mei, Zhang, Yunqiang, Yang, Lanlan, Liu, Yingkai, and Ma, Jingyun, "Excellent electrochemical performance of homogeneous polypyrrole/graphene composites as electrode material for supercapacitors," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26 no. 1, pp. 485-492, Jan. 2015.

[2555] Li, Mei, Zhang, Yunqiang, Yang, Lanlan, Liu, Yingkai, and Yao, Jinshui, "Hollow melamine resin-based carbon spheres/graphene composite with excellent performance for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 166, pp. 310-319, June 1, 2015.

[2556] Li, Mei, Han, Xianlong, Chang, Xiaoqing, Yin, Wenchao, and Ma, Jingyu, "Nitrogen/Sulfur-Codoped Carbon Materials from Chitosan for Supercapacitors," Journal of Electronic Materials, vol. 45 no. 8, pp. 4331-4337, Aug. 2016.

[2556d] Li, Mengpei, Chen, Qidi, and Zhan, Hongbing, "Ultrathin manganese dioxide nanosheets grown on partially unzipped nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 702, pp. 236-243, Apr. 25, 2017.

[2557] Li, Min, Liu, Fu, Cheng, J. P., Ying, J., and Zhang, X. B., "Enhanced performance of nickel-aluminum layered double hydroxide nanosheets/carbon nanotubes composite for supercapacitor and asymmetric capacitor," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 635, pp. 225-232, June 25, 2015.

[2558] Li, Min, Cheng, J. P., Liu, F., and Zhang, X. B., "In situ growth of nickel-cobalt oxyhydroxide/oxide on carbon nanotubes for high performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 178, pp. 439-446, Oct. 1, 2015.

[2558d] Li, Na, Zhu, Xiaohong, Zhang, Caiyun, Lai, Liuqin, Jiang, Rong, and Zhu, Jiliang, "Controllable synthesis of different microstructured MnO2 by a facile hydrothermal method for supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 692, pp. 26-33, Jan. 25, 2017.

[2559] Li, Na, Huang, Xuankai, Li, Ruijian, Chen, Yiming, Li, Yunyong, Shi, Zhicong, and Zhang, Haiyan, "Pseudocapacitive Transparent/Flexible Supercapacitor based on Graphene wrapped Ni(OH)2 Nanosheet Transparent Film Produced using Scalable Bio-inspired Methods," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 219, pp. 61-69, Nov. 20, 2016.

[2560] Li, Qi, Han, Kuo, Gadinski, Matthew Robert, Zhang, Guangzu, and Wang, Qing, "High Energy and Power Density Capacitors from Solution-Processed Ternary Ferroelectric Polymer Nanocomposites," Advanced Materials, vol. 26 no. 36, pp. 6244-6249, Sept. 24, 2014.

[2561] Li, Qi, Li, Yanhong, Peng, Huarong, Cui, Xun, Zhou, Ming, Feng, Keyuan, and Xiao, Peng, "Layered NH4CoxNi1-xPO4.H2O (0 <= x <= 1) nanostructures finely tuned by Co/Ni molar ratios for asymmetric supercapacitor electrodes," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 51 no. 22, pp. 9946-9957, Nov. 2016.

[2561d] Li, Qun, He, Jijia, Liu, Dequan, Yue, Hongwei, Bai, Shuai, Liu, Boli, Gu, Lili, and He, Deyan, "Facile preparation of hovenia-acerba-like hierarchical MnO2/C composites and their excellent energy storage performance for supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 693, pp. 970-978, Feb. 5, 2017.

[2561h] Li, Qun, Xie, Wenhe, Liu, Dequan, Wang, Qi, and He, Deyan, "Nitrogen and oxygen co-doped carbon nanofibers with rich sub-nanoscale pores as self-supported electrode material of high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 222, Dec. 20, 2016, pp. 1445-1454.

[2562] Li, Rui, Liu, Xiongjun, Wang, Hui, Wu, Yuan, and Lu, Z. P., "Development of electrochemical supercapacitors with uniform nanoporous silver network," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 182, pp. 224-229, Nov. 10, 2015.

[2563] Li, Ruizhi, and Liu, Jinping, "Mechanistic investigation of the charge storage process of pseudocapacitive Fe3O4 nanorod film," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 120, pp. 52-56, Feb. 20, 2014.

[2564] Li, Siwei, Wang, Xiaohong, Xing, Hexin, and Shen, Caiwei, "Micro supercapacitors based on a 3D structure with symmetric graphene or activated carbon electrodes," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 23 no. 11, pp. 114013-1-114013-10, Nov. 2013.

[2565] Li, Tao, Yang, Kun, Xue, Renzhong, Xue, Yuncai, and Chen, Zhenping, "The effect of CuO doping on the microstructures and dielectric properties of BaTiO3 ceramics," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics , vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2566] Li, Wei, Xu, Zhijun, Chu, Ruiqing, Fu, Peng, and Hao, Jigong, "Structure and electrical properties of BaTiO3 prepared by sol-gel process," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 482 no. 1-2, pp. 137-140, Aug. 12, 2009.

[2567] Li, Weikun, and Yang, Yu Jun, "The reduction of graphene oxide by elemental copper and its application in the fabrication of graphene supercapacitor," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18 no. 6, pp. 1621-1626, June 2014.

[2568] Li, Wenyao, He, Guanjie, Shao, Jiajia, Liu, Qian, Xu, Kaibing, Hu, Junqing, and Parkin, Ivan P., "Urchin-like MnO2 capped ZnO nanorods as high-rate and high-stability pseudocapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 186, pp. 1-6, Dec. 20, 2015.

[2569] Li, Wenyao, Shao, Jiajia, Liu, Qian, Liu, Xijian, Zhou, Xiying, and Hu, Junqing, "Facile synthesis of porous Mn2O3 nanocubics for high-rate supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 157, pp. 108-114, Mar. 1, 2015.

[2570] Li, Xianfu, Shen, Jianfeng, Li, Na, and Ye, Mingxin, "Template-free solvothermal synthesis of NiS2 microspheres on graphene sheets for high-performance supercapacitors," Materials Letters, vol. 139, pp. 81-85, Jan. 15, 2015.

[2571] Li, Xiaoguang, Wang, Zhikui, Qiu, Yunfeng, Pan, Qinmin, and Hu, PingAn, "3D graphene/ZnO nanorods composite networks as supercapacitor electrodes," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 620, pp. 31-37, Jan. 25, 2015.

[2572] Li, Xing-Ming, Hu, Shan-Qing, See, Kye-Yak, and Chua, Eng-Kee, "Capacitor Selection Process for High-Speed Power Distribution Network Based on Switching Current Requirement," 2014 IEEE 16th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, Singapore, Dec. 3-5, 2014, pp. 269-272.

[2573] Li, Xing-Ming, Hu, Shan-Qing, and See, Kye-Yak, "Optimizing the Capacitor Placement Based on 2D Charge-Delivery Model of Power Delivery Network," 2015 Asia-Pacific Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Taipei, Taiwan, May 26-29, 2015, pp. 238-241.

[2574] Li, Xing-Ming, Hu, Shan-Qing, Deng, Yi, and Svimonishvili, Tengiz, "Power Distribution Network Design from Charge Delivery Perspective," IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine, vol. 3 no. 4, pp. 55-61, 4th quarter 2014.

[2575] Li, Xingwei, Chai, Yuzheng, Zhang, Han, Wang, Gengchao, and Feng, Xin, "Synthesis of polyaniline/tin oxide hybrid and its improved electrochemical capacitance performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 85, pp. 9-15, Dec. 15, 2012.

[2575d] Li, Xinlu, Zhao, Yujie, Bai, Yu, Zhao, Xiyu, Wang, Ronghua, Huang, Yanchun, Liang, Qinghua, and Huang, Zhenghong, "A Non-Woven Network of Porous Nitrogen-doping Carbon Nanofibers as a Binder-free Electrode for Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 230, pp. 445-453, Mar. 10, 2017.

[2575h] Li, Xudong, Ding, Rui, Yi, Lanhua, Shi, Wei, Xu, Qilei, and Liu, Enhui, "Mesoporous Ni-P@NiCo2O4 composite materials for high performance aqueous asymmetric supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 222, Dec. 20, 2016, pp. 1169-1175.

[2576] Li, Xuejin, Zhou, Jin, Xing, Wei, Subhan, Fazle, Zhang, Yu, Bai, Peng, Xu, Benjing, Zhuo, Shuping, Xue, Qingzhong, and Yan, Zifeng, "Outstanding capacitive performance of reticular porous carbon/graphene sheets with superhigh surface area," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 190, pp. 923-931, Feb. 1, 2016.

[2577] Li, Xueliang, Liu, Yunfu, Guo, Wei, Chen, Jiejie, He, Wenxiang, and Peng, Fangfang, "Synthesis of spherical PANI particles via chemical polymerization in ionic liquid for high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 135, pp. 550-557, July 20, 2014.

[2578] Li, Y. L., Figueroa, David G., Rodriguez, J. P., Huang, Lilly, Liao, J. C., Taniguchi, Masaaki, Canner, Jim, and Kondo, Takanori, "A New Technique for High Frequency Characterization of Capacitors," 1998 Proceedings 48th Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Seattle, WA, May 25-28, 1998, pp. 1384-1390.

[2579] Li, Y. L., Figueroa, David G., Chickamenahalli, Shamala A., Chung, Chee Yee, Yew, Teong Guan, Cornelius, Michael D., and Do, Huong T., "Enhancing Power Distribution System through 3D Integrated Models, Optimized Designs, and Switching VRM Model" 2000 Proceedings 50th Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Las Vegas, NV, May 21-24, 2000, pp. 272-277.

[2580] Li, Yan, Cai, Xiaolan, and Shen, Wenjiang, "Preparation and performance comparison of supercapacitors based on nanocomposites of MnO2 with cationic surfactant of CTAC or CTAB by direct electrodeposition," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 149, pp. 306-315, Dec. 10, 2014.

[2581] Li, Yan, Huang, Defa, and Shen, Wenjiang, "Preparation of supercapacitors based on nanocomposites films of MnO2/CB/C from sodium alginate and MnO2 nanoparticles by direct electrophoretic deposition and carbonization," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 182, pp. 104-112, Nov. 10, 2015.

[2582] Li, Yan, Peng, Hongrui, Li, Guicun, and Chen, Kezheng, "Synthesis and electrochemical performance of sandwich-like polyaniline/graphene composite nanosheets," European Polymer Journal , vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2583] Li, Yang, Xie, Huaqing, Li, Jing, and Wang, Jifen, "Magnetron sputtering deposited MnO1.9 thin film for supercapacitor," Materials Letters, vol. 102-103, pp. 30-32, July 2013.

[2584] Li, Yang, Xie, Huaqing, and Tu, Jiangping, "Nanostructured SnS/carbon composite for supercapacitor," Materials Letters, vol. 63 no. 21, pp. 1785-1787, Aug. 31, 2009.

[2585] Li, Yang, Xie, Huaqing, and Wang, Jifeng, "Preparation and electrochemical performances of carbon-coated nanoscale SnS for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 15 no. 6, pp. 1115-1119, June 2011.

[2586] Li, Yanhong, Zhou, Ming, Cui, Xun, Yang, Yang, Xiao, Peng, Cao, Liujun, and Zhang, Yunhuai, "Hierarchical structures of nickel, cobalt-based nanosheets and iron oxyhydroxide nanorods arrays for electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 161, pp. 137-143, Apr. 10, 2015.

[2587] Li, Yanhong, Li, Qi, Cao, Liujun, Cui, Xun, Yang, Yang, Xiao, Peng, and Zhang, Yunhuai, "The impact of morphologies and electrolyte solutions on the supercapacitive behavior for Fe2O3 and the charge storage mechanism," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 178, pp. 171-178, Oct. 1, 2015.

[2588] Li, Yanhua, Huang, Kelong, Yao, Zufu, Liu, Suqin, and Qing, Xiaoxia, "Co3O4 thin film prepared by a chemical bath deposition for electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 56 no. 5, pp. 2140-2144, Feb. 1, 2011.

[2589] Li, Yanhua, Huang, Kelong, Liu, Suqin, Yao, Zufu, and Zhuang, Shuxin, "Meso-macroporous Co3O4 electrode prepared by polystyrene spheres and carbowax templates for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 15 no. 3, pp. 587-592, Mar. 2011.

[2590] Li, Yanhua, Huang, Kelong, Zeng, Dongming, Liu, Suqin, and Yao, Zufu, "RuO2/Co3O4 thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis technique for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. xx no. x, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2591] Li, Ying, Kang, Litao, Bai, Gailing, Li, Peiyang, Deng, Jiachun, Liu, Xuguang, Yang, Yongzhen, Gao, Feng, and Liang, Wei, "Solvothermal Synthesis of Fe2O3 Loaded Activated Carbon as Electrode Materials for High-performance Electrochemical Capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 134, pp. 67-75, July 10, 2014.

[2592] Li, Yong-Fang, Li, Shan-Shan, Zhou, Dan-Ling, Wang, Ai-Jun, Zhang, Pei-Pei, Li, Chang-Gong, and Feng, Jiu-Ju, "Facile controlled synthesis of MnO2 nanowires for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18 no. 9, pp. 2521-2527, Sept. 2014.

[2593] Li, Yonghe, Zhang, Yuefei, Li, Yujie, Wang, Zhenyu, Fu, Haoyu, Zhang, Xiaona, Chen, Yanhui, Zhang, Hongzhou, and Li, Xiaodong, "Unveiling the dynamic capacitive storage mechanism of Co3O4 @NiCo2O4 hybrid nanoelectrodes for supercapacitor applications," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 145, pp. 177-184, Nov. 1, 2014.

[2593d] Li, Yongming, and Ni, Xiuyuan, "The Enhanced Supercapacitive Performance of the Hybrid Material Integrating Doped-Polymer with the Composite of Graphene Oxide and Mn3O4," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 227, pp. 162-169, Feb. 10, 2017.

[2594] Li, Yuan, Wu, Shunhua, Wang, Guoqing, and Wang, Shuang, "Phase Structure and Dielectric Properties of Doped BaTiO3 Ceramics," Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-- Materials Science, vol. 22 no. 3, pp. 522-525, Sept. 2007.

[2595] Li, Yuan-Liang, Elzinga, Mark, and Yahyaei-moayyed, Farzaneh, "Distributed Models for Multi-Terminal Capacitors - Using 2D Lossy Transmission-Line Approach," 2001 Proceedings 51st Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Orlando, FL, May 29-June 1, 2001.

[2596] Li, Yuan-Liang, Figueroa, David G., Yew, Teong Guan, and Chung, Chee Lee, "Validation of Integrated Capacitor-Via-Planes Model," Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, San Diego, CA, Oct. 25-27, 1999, pp. 121-124.

[2597] Li, Yueming, and Liu, Xi, "Activated carbon/ZnO composites prepared using hydrochars as intermediate and their electrochemical performance in supercapacitor," Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 148 no. 1-2, pp. 380-386, Nov. 14, 2014.

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[2662] Liu, Dong, Shen, Jun, Liu, Nianping, Yang, Huiyu, and Du, Ai, "Preparation of activated carbon aerogels with hierarchically porous structures for electrical double layer capacitors," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 89, pp. 571-576, Feb. 1, 2013.

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[2665] Liu, En-Xiao, Wei, Xingchang, Oo, Zaw Zaw, and Li, Er-Ping, "An Efficient Method for Power Integrity and EMI Analysis of Advanced Packages," 2008 Proceedings 58th Electronic Components &, Technology Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, May 27-30, 2008, pp. 652-657.

[2666] Liu, Enxiao, Oo, Zaw Zaw, and Li, ErPing, "Analysis of Rectangular Power-Ground Plane Pairs for Noise Suppression," 1st Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference, Volume 1 , Dresden, Germany, Sept. 5-7, 2006, pp. 241-246.

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[2671] Liu, Haiyan, Zhang, Wei, Song, Huaihe, Chen, Xiaohong, Zhou, Jisheng, and Ma, Zhaokun, "Tremella-like graphene/polyaniline spherical electrode material for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 146, pp. 511-517, Nov. 10, 2014.

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[2673] Liu, Huajun, Ho, Kuan Hung, Hu, Yating, Ke, Qingqing, Mao, Lu, Zhang, Yu, and Wang, John, "Doping cobalt hydroxide nanowires for better supercapacitor performance," Acta Materialia, vol. 84, pp. 20-28, Feb. 1, 2015.

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[2677] Liu, Jianyun, Lu, Miao, Yang, Jianmao, Cheng, Jian, and Cai, Wenshu, "Capacitive desalination of ZnO/activated carbon asymmetric capacitor and mechanism analysis," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 151, pp. 312-318, Jan. 1, 2015.

[2678] Liu, Jing-Liang, Fan, Li-Zhen, and Qu, Xuanhui, "Low temperature hydrothermal synthesis of nano-sized manganese oxide for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 66, pp. 302-305, Apr. 1, 2012.

[2679] Liu, Jingliang, Zhou, Mengqi, Fan, Li-Zhen, Li, Ping, and Qu, Xuanhui, "Porous polyaniline exhibits highly enhanced electrochemical capacitance performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55 no. 20, pp. 5819-5822, Aug. 1, 2010.

[2680] Liu, Jingling, Shakir, Imran, and Kang, Dae Joon, "Lithium niobate nanoflakes as electrodes for highly stable electrochemical supercapacitor devices," Materials Letters, vol. 119, pp. 84-87, Mar. 15, 2014.

[2681] Liu, Jinlong, Zhang, Yaqian, Li, Yaping, Li, Jun, Chen, Zehua, Feng, Haibo, Li, Junhua, Jiang, Jianbo, and Qian, Dong, "In situ chemical synthesis of sandwich-structured MnO2/graphene nanoflowers and their supercapacitive behavior," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 173, pp. 148-155, Aug. 10, 2015.

[2682] Liu, Jiun-Shing, Hu, Yi, Chuang, Tao-Liang, and Huang, Chien-Lung, "Mn(OH)2/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite thin films prepared by spray coating for flexible supercapacitive devices," Thin Solid Films, vol. 544, pp. 186-190, Oct. 1, 2013.

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[2684] Liu, Lan, Wang, Wei, Zou, Wu-yuan, He, Ben-lin, Sun, Ming-liang, Wang, Min, and Xu, Xue-fei, "Preparation and electrochemical properties of nanofiber poly(2,5-dihydroxyaniline)/activated carbon composite electrode for supercapacitor," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 14 no. 12, pp. 2219-2224, Dec. 2010.

[2685] Liu, Lili, Niu, Zhiqiang, Zhang, Li, Zhou, Weiya, Chen, Xiaodong, and Xie, Sishen, "Nanostructured Graphene Composite Papers for Highly Flexible and Foldable Supercapacitors," Advanced Materials, vol. 26 no. 28, pp. 4855-4862, July 23, 2014.

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[2687] Liu, Mao-Cheng, Li, Jia-Jia, Hu, Yu-Xia, Yang, Qing-Qing, and Kang, Long, "Design and Fabrication of Ni3P2O8-Co3P2O8.8H2O as Advanced Positive Electrodes for Asymmetric Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 201, pp. 142-150, May 20, 2016.

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[2688d] Liu, Mengyang, Yang, Tao, Chen, Junhong, Su, Lei, Chou, Kuo-Chih, and Hou, Xinmei, "TiN @NiCo2O4 coaxial nanowires as supercapacitor electrode materials with improved electrochemical and wide-temperature performance," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 692, pp. 605-613, Jan. 25, 2017.

[2689] Liu, Miaomiao, Chang, Jie, Sun, Jing, and Gao, Lian, "Synthesis of porous NiO using NaBH4 dissolved in ethylene glycol as precipitant for high-performance supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta , vol. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2690] Liu, Ming-Yang, Hsieh, Tung-Feng, Hsieh, Chia-Jung, Chuang, Chia-Chih, and Shu, Chi-Min, "Performance of vanadium oxide on multi-walled carbon nanotubes/titanium electrode for supercapacitor application," Advanced Materials Research , vol. 311-313, pp. 414-418, 2011.

[2691] Liu, Nishuang, Ma, Wenzhen, Tao, Jiayou, Zhang, Xianghui, Su, Jun, Li, Luying, Yang, Congxing, Gao, Yihua, Golberg, Dmitri, and Bando, Yoshio, "Cable-Type Supercapacitors of Three-Dimensional Cotton Thread Based Multi-Grade Nanostructures for Wearable Energy Storage," Advanced Materials, vol. 25 no. 35, pp. 4925-4931, Sept. 20, 2013.

[2692] Liu, Peipei, Hu, Zhonghua, Liu, Yafei, Yao, Mingming, and Zhang, Qiang, "Three-dimensional hierarchical porous flower-like nickel-cobalt oxide/multi-walled carbon nanotubes nanocomposite for high-capacity supercapacitors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 622, pp. 805-811, Feb. 15, 2015.

[2693] Liu, Sainan, Wu, Jun, Zhou, Jiang, Fang, Guozhao, and Liang, Shuquan, "Mesoporous NiCo2O4 nanoneedles grown on three dimensional graphene networks as binder-free electrode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 176, pp. 1-9, Sept. 10, 2015.

[2694] Liu, Shengqi, Liu, Suqin, Huang, Kelong, Liu, Jiansheng, Li, Yongkun, Fang, Dong, Wang, Hongmei, and Xia, Yufei, "A novel Et4NBF4 and LiPF6 blend salts electrolyte for supercapacitor battery," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 16 no. 4, pp. 1631-1634, Apr. 2012.

[2695] Liu, Shuang, Liu, Yuwen, Song, Wei, Song, Jianjun, Wang, Caixia, Shao, Guangjie, and Qin, Xiujuan, "Flocky MnO2/carbon nanotube composites electrodeposited under supergravity field for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry , vol. 19 no. 5, pp. 1321-1329, May 2015.

[2696] Liu, Shude, Hui, K. S., Hui, K. N., Jadhav, Vijaykumar V., Xia, Qi Xun, Yun, Je Moon, Cho, Y. R., Mane, Rajaram S., and Kim, Kwang Ho, "Facile Synthesis of Microsphere Copper Cobalt Carbonate Hydroxides Electrode for Asymmetric Supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 188, pp. 898-908, Jan. 10, 2016.

[2697] Liu, Sihan, Ma, Limin, Shu, Yutian, Zuo, Yong, and Guo, Fu, "Effects of POSS-Silanol Addition on the Whisker Formation in Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu Pb-Free Solder," 2013 14th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology, Dalian, China, Aug. 11-14, 2013, pp. 765-768.

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[2699] Liu, Ting, Chai, Hui, Jia, Dianzeng, Su, Ying, Wang, Tao, and Zhou, Wanyong, "Rapid microwave-assisted synthesis of mesoporous NiMoO4 nanorod/reduced graphene oxide composites for high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 180, pp. 998-1006, Oct. 20, 2015.

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[2702] Liu, Wei, Ju, Chang, Jiang, Ding, Xu, Li, Mao, Hanping, and Wang, Kun, "Ionic liquid-assisted grown of beta-nickel hydroxide nanowires on reduced graphene oxide for high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 143, pp. 135-142, Oct. 10, 2014.

[2703] Liu, Wen-Jay, Kao, Tsu-Wen, Dai, Yong-Ming, and Jehng, Jih-Mirn, "Ni-based nanocomposites supported on graphene nano sheet (GNS) for supercapacitor applications," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry , vol. 18 no. 1, pp. 189-196, Jan. 2014.

[2704] Liu, Wenwen, Yan, Xingbin, Lang, Junwei, Chen, Jiangtao, and Xue, Qunji, "Influences of the thickness of self-assembled graphene multilayer films on the supercapacitive performance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 60, pp. 41-49, Jan. 15, 2012.

[2705] Liu, Xia, Chen, Si, Pu, Juan, and Wang, Xiaohong, "A Flexible All-Solid-State Micro Supercapacitor and Its Application in Electrostatic Energy Management System," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 25 no. 5, pp. 929-936, Oct. 2016.

[2706] Liu, Xian-Ming, Zhang, Yi-He, Zhang, Xiao-Gang, and Fu, Shao-Yun, "Studies on Me/Al-layered double hydroxides (Me = Ni and Co) as electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 49 no. 19, pp. 3137-3141, Aug. 15, 2004.

[2707] Liu, Xiao, Zhang, Ning, Ni, Jiangfeng, and Gao, Lijun, "Improved electrochemical performance of sol-gel method prepared Na4Mn9O18 in aqueous hybrid Na-ion supercapacitor," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 17 no. 7, pp. 1939-1944, July 2013.

[2708] Liu, Xiaohong, Qu, Baohan, Zhu, Fenghua, Gong, Liangyu, Su, Linghao, and Zhu, Lianqin, "Sonochemical synthesis of b-Co(OH)2 hexagonal nanoplates and their electrochemical capacitive behaviors," Journal of Alloys and Compounds , vol. 560, pp. 15-19, May 25, 2013.

[2709] Liu, Xiaorong, and Pickup, Peter G., "Ru oxide/carbon fabric composites for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 14 no. 2, pp. 231-240, Feb. 2010.

[2710] Liu, Xiaorong, Huber, Trisha A., Kopac, Michael C., and Pickup, Peter G., "Ru oxide/carbon nanotube composites for supercapacitors prepared by spontaneous reduction of Ru(VI) and Ru(VII)," Electrochimica Act a, vol. 54 no. 27, pp. 7141-7147, Nov. 30, 2009.

[2711] Liu, Xiaozhi, Zhang, Ke, Yang, Baolin, Song, Wenlei, Liu, Qian, Jia, Fei, Qin, Shiyi, Chen, Wanjun, Zhang, Zhenxing, and Li, Jian, "Three-dimensional graphene skeletons supported nickel molybdate nanowire composite as novel ultralight electrode for supercapacitors," Materials Letters, vol. 164, pp. 401-404, Feb. 1, 2016.

[2712] Liu, Ximiao, Wang, Yanli, Zhan, Liang, Qiao, Wenming, Liang, Xiaoyi, and Ling, Licheng, "Effect of oxygen-containing functional groups on the impedance behavior of activated carbon-based electric double-layer capacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 15 no. 2, pp. 413-419, Feb. 2011.

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[2714] Liu, Xu, Chen, Gang, Guan, Hongtao, Dong, Chengjun, Xiao, Xuechun, and Wang, Yude, "Binder-free NiO@MnO2 core-shell electrode: Rod-like NiO core prepared through corrosion by oxalic acid and enhanced pseudocapacitance with sphere-like MnO2 shell," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 189, pp. 83-92, Jan. 20, 2016.

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[2717] Liu, Yan-Zhen, Li, Yong-Feng, Yang, Yong-Gang, Wen, Yue-Fang, and Wang, Mao-Zhang, "A one-pot method for producing ZnO-graphene nanocomposites from graphene oxide for supercapacitors," Scripta Materialia, vol. 68 no. 5, pp. 301-304, Mar. 2013.

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[2783] Lu, Wenjing, Liu, Mingxian, Miao, Ling, Zhu, Dazhang, Wang, Xin, Duan, Hui, Wang, Zhiwei, Li, Liangchun, Xu, Zijie, Gan, Lihua, and Chen, Longwu, "Nitrogen-containing ultramicroporous carbon nanospheres for high performance supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 205, pp. 132-141, July 1, 2016.

[2784] Lu, Xiangjun, Dou, Hui, Gao, Bo, Yuan, Changzhou, Yang, Sudong, Hao, Liang, Shen, Laifa, and Zhang, Xiaogang, "A flexible graphene/multiwalled carbon nanotube film as a high performance electrode material for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 56 no. 14, pp. 5115-5121, May 30, 2011.

[2785] Lu, Xiangjun, Dou, Hui, Yang, Sudong, Hao, Liang, Zhang, Luojiang, Shen, Laifa, Zhang, Fang, and Zhang, Xiaogang, "Fabrication and electrochemical capacitance of hierarchical graphene/polyaniline/carbon nanotube ternary composite film," Electrochimica Acta, vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2786] Lu, Xiangjun, Zhang, Fang, Dou, Hui, Yuan, Changzhou, Yang, Sudong, Hao, Liang, Shen, Laifa, Zhang, Luojiang, and Zhang, Xiaogang, "Preparation and electrochemical capacitance of hierarchical graphene/polypyrrole/carbon nanotube ternary composites," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 69, pp. 160-166, May 1, 2012.

[2787] Lu, Xingping, Hu, Yating, Wang, Li, Guo, Qiaohui, Chen, Shuiliang, Chen, Shouhui, Hou, Haoqing, and Song, Yonghai, "Macroporous Carbon/Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline Nanocomposites and Their Application in Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 189, pp. 158-165, Jan. 20, 2016.

[2788] Lu, Yang, Yan, Hailong, Zhang, Deyang, Lin, Jing, Xue, Yanming, Li, Jie, Luo, Yongsong, and Tang, Chengchun, "Hybrid nanonet/nanoflake NiCo2O4 electrodes with an ultrahigh surface area for supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18 no. 11, pp. 3143-3152, Nov. 2014.

[2789] Lu, Yanling, Shao, Guangjie, Zhao, Beilong, and Zhang, Liuli, "Influence of La-dopant on the Material Characteristics and Supercapacitive Performance of MnO2 Electrodes," Journal of Wuhan University of Technology- Materials Science, vol. 26 no. 1, pp. 33-37, Feb. 2011.

[2790] Lu, Yudong, En, Yunfei, Wan, Ming, and Wang, Xin, "Reliability of Mutil-Layer Ceramic Capacitor and Its Conduction Mechanism under High Electric Field," 2011 International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering, Xi'an, China, June 17-19, 2011, pp. 501-504.

[2791] Lu, Ziyang, Zhu, Jixin, Sim, Daohao, Shi, Wenhui, Tay, Yee Yan, Ma, Jan, Hng, Huey Hoon, and Yan, Qingyu, "In situ growth of Si nanowires on graphene sheets for Li-ion storage," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 74, pp. 176-181, July 15, 2012.

[2792] Luan, Yi, Xue, Ying-Wen, and Shi, Zhi-Guo, "Synthesis of hierarchically macro/meso/microporous carbon spheres and its application in fast rechargeable electric double layer capacitor," Materials Letters, vol. 88, pp. 30-32, Dec. 1, 2012.

[2793] Lucio-Porto, R., Bouhtiyya, S., Pierson, J. F., Morel, A., Capon, F., Boulet, P., and Brousse, T., "VN thin films as electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 141, pp. 203-211, Sept. 20, 2014.

[2794] Lufrano, F., and Staiti, P., "Influence of the Surface-Chemistry of Modified Mesoporous Carbon on the Electrochemical Behavior of Solid-State Supercapacitors," Energy &, Fuels, vol. 24 no. 6, pp. 3313-3320, June 17, 2010.

[2795] Lukaszewski, M., Hubkowska, K., Koss, U., and Czerwinski, A., "Characteristic of hydrogen-saturated Pd-based alloys for the application in electrochemical capacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry , vol. 16 no. 7, pp. 2533-2539, July 2012.

[2796] Lungoci, Carmen M., and Oltean, Ioan D., "Comparative Analysis for the Supercapacitors Packaging Characteristics," 2010 IEEE 16th International Symposium for Design and Technology in Electronic Packaging, Pitesti, Romania, Sept. 23-26, 2010, pp. 93-98.

[2797] Luo, Fulian, Li, Jing, Yuan, Hongyan, and Xiao, Dan, "Rapid synthesis of three-dimensional flower-like cobalt sulfide hierarchitectures by microwave assisted heating method for high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 123, pp. 183-189, Mar. 20, 2014.

[2798] Luo, Fulian, Li, Jing, Lei, Ying, Yang, Wen, Yuan, Hongyan, and Xiao, Dan, "Three-dimensional enoki mushroom-like Co3O4 hierarchitectures constructed by one-dimension nanowires for high-performance supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 135, pp. 495-502, July 20, 2014.

[2799] Luo, Guang-Xiao, Cui, Xiang, Wei, Xing-Chang, and Li, Er-Ping, "Distributed Decoupling Analysis on PG Planes for PDN Design," 2012 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Rome, Italy, Sept. 17-21, 2012, pp. xx-xx.

[2800] Luo, He-Ming, Sun, Yan-Xia, Zhang, Feng-Bo, Zhang, De-Yi, and Yang, Yan-Fei, and Zhang, Jian-Qiang, "Preparation and electrochemical applications of spherical maltose-based templated carbon/MnOx composite materials," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 148, pp. 228-236, Dec. 1, 2014.

[2801] Luo, He-Ming, Yang, Yan-Fei, Sun, Yan-Xia, Zhao, Xia, and Zhang, Jian-Qiang, "Preparation of fructose-based attapulgite template carbon materials and their electrochemical performance as supercapacitor electrodes," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 19 no. 5, pp. 1491-1500, May 2015.

[2802] Luo, Heming, Zhang, Fengbo, Zhao, Xia, Sun, Yanxia, Du, Kaifa, and Feng, Huixia, "Preparation of mesoporous carbon materials used in electrochemical capacitor electrode by using natural zeolite template/maltose system," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 25 no. 1, pp. 538-545, Jan. 2014.

[2803] Luo, Jia-Yan, Liu, Jin-Long, He, Ping, and Xia, Yong-Yao, "A novel LiTi2(PO4)3/MnO2 hybrid supercapacitor in lithium sulfate aqueous electrolyte," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53 no. 28, pp. 8128-8133, Nov. 30, 2008.

[2804] Luo, Jing, Ma, Qiang, Gu, Huahao, Zheng, Yuan, and Liu, Xiaoya, "Three-dimensional graphene-polyaniline hybrid hollow spheres by layer-by-layer assembly for application in supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 173, pp. 184-192, Aug. 10, 2015.

[2804d] Luo, Le, He, Bowen, Kong, Wei, and Wang, Zhenghua, "NiCo2S4/Ni-Co layered double hydroxide nanocomposite prepared by a vapor-phase hydrothermal method for electrochemical capacitor application," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 705, pp. 349-355, May 25, 2017.

[2805] Luo, Peiwen, Yu, Jianguo, Shi, Zhiqiang, Wang, Fengqin, Liu, Lang, Huang, Hua, Zhao, Yongnan, Wang, Huiqi, Li, Guodong, and Zou, Yongcun, "Fabrication and supercapacitive properties of Fe2O3@C nanocomposites," Materials Letters, vol. 80, pp. 121-123, Aug. 1, 2012.

[2805d] Luo, Suibin, Yang, Wenhu, Yu, Shuhui, Sun, Rong, Zhang, Guoping, and Wong, C. P., "Development and Application of Polymer-based Nanocomposites Dielectrics," 2016 17th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology , Wuhan, China, Aug. 16-19, 2016, pp. 411-416.

[2806] Luo, Suibin, Yu, Shuhui, Sun, Rong, Liang, Xianwen, and Lai, Maobai, "Size effect of BaTiO3 on the properties of epoxy/BaTiO3 composite film," 2012 13th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, Guilin, China, Aug. 13-16, 2012, pp. 457-460.

[2807] Luo, Suibin, Sun, Rong, Zhang, Jingwei, Yu, Shuhui, Du, Ruxu, and Zhang, Zhijun, "Synthesis and Characterization of Nano BaTiO3/Epoxy Composites for Embedded Capacitors," International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, Beijing, China, Aug. 10-13, 2009, pp. 856-859.

[2808] Luo, Yazi, Zhang, Haiming, Wang, Lei, Zhang, Ming, and Wang, Taihong, "Fixing graphene-Mn3O4 nanosheets on carbon cloth by a poles repel-assisted method to prepare flexible binder-free electrodes for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 180, pp. 983-989, Oct. 20, 2015.

[2809] Luo, Yazi, Zhang, Haiming, Guo, Di, Ma, Jianming, Li, Qiuhong, Chen, Libao, and Wang, Taihong, "Porous NiCo2O4-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite with superior capacitance retention for supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 132, pp. 332-337, June 20, 2014.

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MMMM

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[2819] Ma, Beihai, Hu, Zhongqiang, Koritala, Rachel E., Lee, Tae H., Dorris, Stephen E., and Balachandran, Uthamalingam, "PLZT film capacitors for power electronics and energy storage applications," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 26 no. 12, pp. 9279-9287, Dec. 2015.

[2820] Ma, C., Wang, X. H., Chen, R. Z., Li, L. T., and Gui, Z. L., "The structure and dielectric properties of low temperature sintering barium titanate based x7r ceramics," Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 21 no. 1-4, pp. 242-245, Dec. 2008.

[2821] Ma, Chang, Wang, Xiu, Ma, Yuan, Sheng, Jie, Li, Yajuan, Li, Sizhong, and Shi, Jingli, "Carbon nanofiber/graphene composite paper for flexible supercapacitors with high volumetric capacitance," Materials Letters, vol. 145, pp. 197-200, Apr. 15, 2015.

[2822] Ma, Guofu, Feng, Enke, Sun, Kanjun, Peng, Hui, Li, Jiajia, and Lei, Ziqiang, "A novel and high-effective redox-mediated gel polymer electrolyte for supercapacitor," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 135, pp. 461-466, July 20, 2014.

[2823] Ma, Guofu, Wu, Yajuan, Sun, Kanjun, Peng, Hui, Wang, Haiping, and Lei, Ziqiang, "High performance nitrogen-doped carbon for supercapacitor obtained by carbonizing eco-friendly and cheap polyaspartic acid," Materials Letters , vol. 132, pp. 41-44, Oct. 1, 2014.

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[2825] Ma, Junjun, Zhu, Shijin, Shan, Qianyuan, Liu, Shifeng, Zhang, Yuxin, Dong, Fan, and Liu, Hongdong, "Facile Synthesis of Flower-like (BiO)2CO3@MnO2 and Bi2O3@MnO2 Nanocomposites for Supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 168, pp. 97-103, June 20, 2015.

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[2827] Ma, KeYuan, Cheng, J. P., Zhang, Jing, Li, Min, Liu, Fu, and Zhang, XiaoBin, "Dependence of Co/Fe ratios in Co-Fe layered double hydroxides on the structure and capacitive properties," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 198, pp. 231-240, Apr. 20, 2016.

[2828] Ma, Lianbo, Shen, Xiaoping, Ji, Zhenyuan, Wang, Shuang, Zhou, Hu, and Zhu, Guoxing, "Carbon coated nickel sulfide/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites: facile synthesis and excellent supercapacitor performance," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 146, pp. 525-532, Nov. 10, 2014.

[2828d] Ma, Lina, Liu, Rong, Niu, Haijun, Wang, Fang, Liu, Li, and Huang, Yudong, "Freestanding conductive film based on polypyrrole/bacterial cellulose/graphene paper for flexible supercapacitor: large areal mass exhibits excellent areal capacitance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 222, Dec. 20, 2016, pp. 429-437.

[2829] Ma, Renzhi, Liu, Xiaohe, Liang, Jianbo, Bando, Yoshio, and Sasaki, Takayoshi, "Molecular-Scale Heteroassembly of Redoxable Hydroxide Nanosheets and Conductive Graphene into Superlattice Composites for High-Performance Supercapacitors," Advanced Materials, vol. xx no. xx, pp. xx-xx, xxxx.

[2830] Ma, Xiao-Jian, Li, Xiao-Chun, Wang, Ning, and Mao, Jun-Fa, "Power Integrity Co-analysis and Design in a PCB with BGA Package Using Transmission Matrix Method," 2015 IEEE Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium, Seoul, South Korea, Dec. 14-16, 2015, pp. 78-80.

[2831] Ma, Xiaomei, Liu, Mingxian, Gan, Lihua, Zhao, Yunhui, and Chen, Longwu, "Synthesis of micro- and mesoporous carbon spheres for supercapacitor electrode," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 17 no. 8, pp. 2293-2301, Aug. 2013.

[2832] Ma, Xinlong, Ning, Guoqing, Kan, Yanfang, Ma, Yiming, Qi, Chuanlei, Chen, Bing, Li, Yongfeng, Lan, Xingying, and Gao, Jinsen, "Synthesis of S-doped mesoporous carbon fibres with ultrahigh S concentration and their application as high performance electrodes in supercapacitors," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 150, pp. 108-113, Dec. 20, 2014.

[2833] Ma, Xiumei, Zhou, Weiqiang, Mo, Daize, Hou, Jian, and Xu, Jingkun, "Effect of substituent position on electrodeposition, morphology, and capacitance performance of polyindole bearing a carboxylic group," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 176, pp. 1302-1312, Sept. 10, 2015.

[2834] Ma, Xue-Jing, Kong, Ling-Bin, Zhang, Wei-Bin, Liu, Mao-Cheng, Luo, Yong-Chun, and Kang, Long, "Design and synthesis of 3D Co3O4@MMoO4 (M=Ni, Co) nanocomposites as high-performance supercapacitor electrodes," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 130, pp. 660-669, June 1, 2014.

[2835] Ma, Xue-Jing, Zhang, Wei-Bin, Kong, Ling-Bin, Luo, Yong-Chun, and Kang, Long, "Pseudocapacitance of ammonium metavanadate pyrolysis products," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 192, pp. 30-37, Feb. 20, 2016.

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[2837] Ma, Zhijun, Zhang, Tianjin, He, Miao, Pan, Ruikun, Fu, Kai, and Wang, Jingyang, "Crystallization and electrical properties of Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 thin films on SrRuO3/Pt hybrid bottom electrode ," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 22 no. 1, pp. 35-39, Jan. 2011.

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[3197] Novak, Istvan, Smith, Larry, Roy, Tanmoy, and Anderson, Raymond, "Correction to "Lossy Power Distribution Networks with Thin Dielectric Layers and/or Thin Conductive Layers"," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 224, May 2001.

[3198] Novak, Istvan, Smith, Larry, Roy, Tanmoy, and Anderson, Raymond, "Correction to "Lossy Power Distribution Networks with Thin Dielectric Layers and/or Thin Conductive Layers"," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 411, Aug. 2001.

[3199] Novak, Istvan, Williams, Kendrick Barry, Miller, Jason R., Blando, Gustavo, and Shannon, Nathaniel, "DC and AC Bias Dependence of Capacitors," DesignCon 2011, Santa Clara, CA, Jan. 31-Feb. 3, 2011, pp. xx-xx.

[3200] Novak, Istvan, Williams, Kendrick Barry, Miller, Jason R., Blando, Gustavo, and Shannon, Nathaniel, "DC and AC Bias Dependence of Capacitors Including Temperature Dependence," DesignCon East 2011, Boston, MA, Sept. 27, 2011, pp. xx-xx.

[3201] Novak, Istvan, Noujeim, Leesa M., St. Cyr, Valerie, Biunno, Nicholas, Patel, Atul, Korony, George, and Ritter, Andrew, "Distributed Matched Bypassing for Board-Level Power Distribution Networks," IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 230-243, May 2002.

[3202] Novak, Istvan, "Do Bypass Capacitors Change Plane Resonances?," PCB Design 007, Jan. 2012.

[3203] Novak, Istvan, "Do Not Perforate Planes Unnecessarily," PCB Design 007, Nov. 3, 2010.

[3204] Novak, Istvan, Miller, Jason R., "Frequency-Dependent Characterization of Bulk and Ceramic Bypass Capacitors," Proceedings of the 12th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, Princeton, NJ, Oct. 27-29, 2003, pp. 101-104.

[3205] Novak, Istvan, "Frequency-Domain Power-Distribution Measurements - An Overview," DesignCon 2003 East, High-Performance System Design Conference, Boston, MA, June 23-25, 2003.

[3206] Novak, Istvan, "Frequency-Domain Power-Distribution Measurements-- An Overview," DesignCon East 2003, Boston, MA, June 2003.

[3207] Novak, Istvan, Blando, Gustavo, and Miller, Jason R., "History of Controlled-ESR Capacitors at SUN," DesignCon 2007 , Santa Clara, CA, Jan. 29-Feb. 1, 2007, pp. xx-xx.

[3208] Novak, Istvan, "Impedance and EMC Characterization Data of Embedded Capacitance Materials," Apex2001, San Diego, CA, Jan. 16-18, 2001.

[3209] Novak, Istvan, Yang, Zhiping, Wojewoda, Leigh, Smith, Larry, Ishida, Hideki, and Shimizu, Masayuki, "Inductance of Bypass Capacitors: How to Define, How to Measure, How to Simulate," DesignCon 2005, Santa Clara, CA, Jan. 31-Feb. 3, 2005, pp. xx-xx.

[3210] Novak, Istvan, "Inductance of Bypass Capacitors, Part I," PCB Design 007, June 23, 2010.

[3211] Novak, Istvan, "Inductance of Bypass Capacitors, Part III," PCB Design 007, Aug. 18, 2010.

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[3215] Novak, Istvan, "New Column: How Many Bypass Capacitors Do We Need?," PCB Design 007, Dec. 23, 2009.

[3216] Novak, Istvan, Pannala, Sreemala, and Miller, Jason. R., "Overview of Some Options to Create Low-Q Controlled-ESR Bypass Capacitors," IEEE 13th Topical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, Portland, OR, Oct. 25-27, 2004, pp. xx-xx.

[3217] Novak, Istvan, "PDN Measurements: Reducing Cable-Braid Loop Error," PCB Design 007, Feb. 24, 2010.

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[3222] Novak, Istvan, "Quiet Power: Calculating Basic Resonances in the PDN," PCB Design 007, Jan. 27, 2010.

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[3224] Novak, Istvan, "Quiet Power: Don't Double-Count Plane Inductance," PCB Design 007, Sept. 29, 2010.

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OOOO

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QQQQ

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RRRR

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[3641] Reed, Erik K., and Paulsen, Jonathan L., "Measuring the Power Dissipation Capacity of High-Voltage, Low-Capacitance Ceramic Chip Capacitors," Proceedings of the 25th Symposium for Passive Components, Palm Springs, CA, Mar. 21-24, 2005, pp. 157-166.

[3642] Reed, Erik, Chen, James, Marshall, Jim, Paulsen, Jonathan, and Weisenborn, Roy, " New 125C Capable Tantalum Polymer Capacitors," 2003 CARTS-Europe Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, Oct. 26-29, 2003, pp. xx-xx.

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[3658] Ren, Jing, Bai, Wenyu, Guan, Guozhen, Zhang, Ye, and Peng, Huisheng, "Flexible and Weaveable Capacitor Wire Based on a Carbon Nanocomposite Fiber," Advanced Materials, vol. 25 no. 41, pp. 5965-5970, Nov. 6, 2013.

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[3661] Ren, Lijun, Zhang, Gaini, Wang, Jianfang, Kang, Liping, Lei, Zhibin, Liu, Zhongwen, Liu, Zhaotie, Hao, Zhengping, and Liu, Zong-huai, "Adsorption-template preparation of polyanilines with different morphologies and their capacitance," Electrochimica Acta, vol. 145, pp. 99-108, Nov. 1, 2014.

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[3664] Ren, Suzhen, Wang, Meng, Xu, Meiling, Yang, Ying, Jia, Cuiying, and Hao, Ce, "Fabrication of high-performance supercapacitors based on hollow SnO2 microspheres," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 18 no. 4, pp. 909-916, Apr. 2014.

[3665] Ren, Tie-Zhen, Liu, Lei, Zhang, Yuanyuan, and Yuan, Zhong-Yong, "Nitric acid oxidation of ordered mesoporous carbons for use in electrochemical supercapacitors," Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 17 no. 8, pp. 2223-2233, Aug. 2013.

[3666] Ren, Yaqi, Dai, Jie, Pang, Bo, Liu, Xiang, and Yu, Jie, "Synergistic enhancement of electrochemical performance of electrospun TiC/C hybrid nanofibers for supercapacitor application," Electrochimica Acta , vol. 176, pp. 402-409, Sept. 10, 2015.

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[3670] Reynolds, Chris, "A Passive Component Approach to Better, Faster & Cheaper," AVX.

[3671] Reynolds, Chris, "Audio coupling with niobium oxide capacitors," Electronic Products , vol. 51 no. 5, pp. 47-48, Oct. 2008.

[3672] Reynolds, Chris, Ward, Brian, Sayer, Paul, and Demcko, Ron, "EMI and RFI Shielding Solutions," 24th Annual Capacitor and Resistor Technology Symposium, San Antonio, TX, Mar. 29-Apr. 1, 2004, pp. 279-284.

[3673] Reynolds, Chris, "Evolution of Supercapacitors," AVX.

[3674] Reynolds, Chris, "Film Technology For WIND Power Applications," CARTS USA 2010 Proceedings, New Orleans, LA, Mar. 15-18, 2010. pp. xx-xx.

[3675] Reynolds, Chris, "Improving Signal to Noise Ratios in Defense Electronics," Microwave Product Digest, May 2009, pp. 86,88,90,92.

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[3677] Reynolds, Chris, "New Embeddable Technologies," Printed Circuit Design and Fab/ Circuits Assembly, vol. 33 no. 2, pp. 30-35, Feb. 2016.

[3678] Reynolds, Chris, "New RF Passive Discrete and Integrated Technologies Combining Ultra-Stable Performance and Smallest Size," CARTS 2007 Symposium Proceedings , Albuquerque, NM, Mar. 26-29, 2007, pp. 381-391.

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[3681] Reynolds, Chris, "Reliability Management of Tantalum Capacitors," AVX.

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[3683] Reynolds, Chris, and Brunette, Brian, "Tantalum Chip for Mission Critical Applications - The Development of Established Reliability Versions of Low ESR and Failsafe Technologies," CARTS 2007 Symposium Proceedings, Albuquerque, NM, Mar. 26-29, 2007, pp. 269-276.

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